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1. Prevalent in a particular locality, region, or population: endemic diseases of the tropics.
2. Native only to a particular locality or region: endemic birds.
3. Common in or inherent to an enterprise or situation: "All the difficulties endemic to historical research become more acute in the case of war" (Constantine Pleshakov).
1. An organism that is native only to a particular locality or region.
2. A disease that is prevalent in a particular locality, region, or population.

[From Greek endēmos, native, endemic : en-, in; see en-2 + dēmos, people; see dā- in Indo-European roots.]

en·dem′i·cal·ly adv.
en·dem′ism n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


the quality of belonging to a particular race, region, or country. — endemicity, n.
See also: Race
-Ologies & -Isms. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.endemism - nativeness by virtue of originating or occurring naturally (as in a particular place)endemism - nativeness by virtue of originating or occurring naturally (as in a particular place)
nativeness - the quality of belonging to or being connected with a certain place or region by virtue of birth or origin
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
High in endemism, he said the Philippines's known flora and fauna are endemic species or species that can be found only in the Philippines.
According to Civil Society group, A-Rocha-Ghana, the Atewa Range Forest Reserve is internationally recognized as one of the highest priority ecosystems in West Africa for its high species diversity, high levels of endemism and great hydrological importance.
Due to its rich biodiversity, endemic species and being the centre of bird endemism, Cyprus is considered a biological "hotspot".
Its presence in another location removes or may expand the coverage of its "endemism.
High altitude rocky complexes represent important centers of plant endemism in South America (i.e., tepuys, campo rupestre); mainly driven by high environmental heterogeneity at small spatial scales (e.g., Barthlott, Mutke, Rafiqpoor, Kier, & Kreft, 2005; Fernandes, 2016).
The author, John Woinarski, discusses the differences between continental and oceanic islands in the richness and endemism of their flora and fauna species, and their vulnerability to human intrusion.
Tajikistan represents one of the most fascinating and mountainous areas of Central Asia and it retains high diversity and endemism of flora and fauna.
Patterns of cave biodiversity and endemism in the Appalachians and Interior Plateau of Tennessee, USA.
* Is the transition to edaphic endemism directional, and are edaphic endemics evolutionary dead-ends?
Sand-dwelling antlions in central Florida are non-invasive, nonendemic organisms that nevertheless thrive in the Florida scrub, a rare xeric ecosystem with a remarkably high rate of endemism (Deyrup 1990).
Due to their advanced geological age and their climatic conditions, which have supported forest cover for probably several million years, these mountains are hotspots of biodiversity and endemism. Various Orthoptera genera from the Eastern Arc ranges have been shown to consist of an array of morphologically similar endemic species.