Tuberculous constrictive pericarditis has been reported with myocardial and endocardial
involvement in a case series.8 It has been suggested that tubercular insult to the heart may result in involvement of all three layers with varying severity and the hallmark of differentiation between constrictive and restrictive disease appears to be a diligent attempt at identification of a thickened pericardium.
Involvement can be classified as follows: (1) pericarditis, (2) myocarditis, (3) endocardial
(valve) involvement, (4) conduction defects, (5) coronary arteritis, and (6) granulomatous aortitis (1).
EBR Systems said its WiSE Technology is the world's only wireless endocardial
pacing system for cardiac resynchronization therapy.
Cardiac involvement (pericardial, myocardial, endocardial
) is known in patients of Rheumatoid arthritis.
Other cardiac abnormalities were found in the others cases (1-34) including myocarditis, left ventricular dilation, aortic and mitral valve lesions and endocardial
In the DEEP study, the cardiac surgeon and electrophysiologist work as a team to perform a minimally invasive epicardial (outside the heart) surgical ablation and endocardial
(inside the heart) catheter-based ablation.
Cardiac defects (50%) (endocardial
cushion defect, hypoplastic left heart syndrome-HLHS, atrial septal defect-ASD, patent ductus arteriosus-PDA, atrioventricular canal defects, total anomalous pulmonary venous connections-TAPVC) (2)
Ejection fraction, endocardial
fractional shortening ([sub.e]FS), meridional end-systolic stress ([sub.m]ESS), stress-adjusted [sub.e]FS (observed /predicted [sub.e]FS) were measured by M-mode echocardiography.
pacemaker electrodes: successful open intracardiac removal.