Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to endocarp: pericarp, exocarp
click for a larger image
cutaway of a peach


n. Botany
The inner layer of the pericarp of a fruit, which can be soft, such as the pulp of an orange, or hard, such as the stone of a peach.

en′do·car′pal adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(Botany) the inner, usually woody, layer of the pericarp of a fruit, such as the stone of a peach or cherry
ˌendoˈcarpal, ˌendoˈcarpic adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈɛn dəˌkɑrp)

the inner layer of a pericarp, as the stone of certain fruits.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.endocarp - the hard inner (usually woody) layer of the pericarp of some fruits (as peaches or plums or cherries or olives) that contains the seed; "you should remove the stones from prunes before cooking"
pericarp, seed vessel - the ripened and variously modified walls of a plant ovary
peach pit - the stone seed of a peach
cherry stone - the stone seed of a cherry
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.


[ˈendəkɑːp] Nendocarpio m
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Fruits are globular drupes measuring 3-7 cm in length, and 2-5 cm in diameter; these drupes have a hard, indehiscent endocarp surrounding 1-3 seeds, although 4-6 seeds may be present; pyrenes (i.e., the seeds contained in stony endocarps) are globular with a coconut-like endosperm (Lorenzi et al., 2010).
After grating the nut for food, some use the hard part, known as the endocarp, as firewood, while others throw them away as they are no longer of use to them.
To analyze the phytochemicals of 'Ortanique' tangor the exocarp or epicarp (peel) of the endocarp (pulp) were separated and evaluated separately.
The fruit of baru (Dipteryx alata Vogel) is about 4-5 cm in length, ovoid, with coriaceous epicarp, mesocarp of dark and spongy pulp and woody endocarp, has a seed that is about 2-2.5 cm long, ellipsoid and has a light brown color and shiny appearance.
Seeds of most palms show morphophysiological dormancy, mainly related to the embryo immaturity and to the endocarp impermeability (Baskin & Baskin, 2014).
Fungi development on the pulp remaining on the endocarp is pointed by farmers and researchers as an obstacle to the germination of some fruit species (VIEIRA; GUSMAO, 2006; POLTRONIERI; AZEVEDO; SILVA, 2013) and this may be the case of yellow mombin.
Endocarp morphology is informative for the recognition of genera in the Anacardiaceae, so the recovery of fossil endocarps can provide insight into the evolution and biogeographic history of major clades.
Dry processing consists of drying the whole fruit, i.e., with exocarp (hull), mesocarp (pulp and mucilage), and endocarp (parchment), giving rise to what is known as dry cherry coffee or natural coffee (BOREM, 2008).
The fruit contains a densely hairy whitish to reddish endocarp (kapok) with numerous glabrous seeds (Duarte, 2010).
[41], some central Mediterranean varieties retain wild-like phenotypic characteristics, such as low endocarp weight and a smooth endocarp surface.
Martinez-Solis, "Seed and endocarp traits as markers of the biodiversity of regional sources of germplasm of tejocote (Crataegus spp.) from central and Southern," Scientia Horticulturae, vol.
Gomes et al., "Synthesis of Zn[Cl.sub.2]-activated carbon from macadamia nut endocarp (Macadamia integrifolia) by microwave-assisted pyrolysis: optimization using RSM and methylene blue adsorption," Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, vol.