Groups of five threaded endocarps
were placed in 20 experimental stations spaced every 50 m, along pre-existing trails within each site.
The dehusked endocarps
containing the seed are bought from village communities at 0.
are the endocarps
of Iodes germanica from the Maastrichtian of Germany (Table 9) while the earliest vegetative structures seem to go back to the Late Albian with the fossil wood Icacinoxylon (Table 9).
The remains found are of four main kinds: carbonized or dry endocarps
or seeds, phytoliths, pollen, and implements.
Thus seed mortality of the canopy palm Attalea butyracea (as Scheelea rostrata) is strongly affected by local topography in a Costa Rican forest (Janzen, 1971): only 1-6% of endocarps
below adults in stream bottoms are attacked by bruchids, whereas [greater than]80% endocarps
below adults just 15 m away and outside the stream bottom are infested (Janzen, 1971).
A morphological study of Nyssa endocarps
from Eocene deposits in western Tennessee.
Botanical macro-remains at Cerro Colorado, (a) fruits of Sarcomphalus mistol; (b) endocarps
of Sarcomphalus mistol; (c) fruits and endocarps
of Lithraea molloides; (d) seeds and endocarps
of Prosopis sp,; (e) endocarps
of Schinus cf, areira; (f) endocarp
of Geoffroea decorticans; (g) kernel of Zea mays; (h) cotyledon of Phaseolus sp,; (i) grain of Chenopodium quinoa var quinoa; (j) seed of Amaranthus sp, Scale bar (a-h)=10 mm, Scale bar (i-j)=2 mm,
Mexican plums are drupes of different shapes (oblong, round or oval), lengths (20-50 mm), masses (4-43 g) and colors (yellow, red, orange, purple), with thick fibrous endocarps
and mesocarps of a palatable taste and flavor (LEON et al.
Morphological quality of fruits and endocarps
of red nanche [Malpighia mexicana, Malpighiaceae)
Phytogeographic implications of fossil endocarps
of Menispermaceae from the Palcocene of Colombia.
The dispersal distance of diaspores without vertebrate predation signals (partial or totally destroyed broken endocarps
and consumed endosperm) was quantified from within 1 m of the experimental station center (Donatti et al.
2]) (75, 85, and 95%) of babassu endocarps
were set according to the factorial design to maximize extraction yield.