Fracture prevalence and relationship to endocrinopathy
in iron overloaded patients with sickle cell disease and thalassemia.
and nutritional deficiency should be prevented through a regular transfusion schedule, chelation agents, maintaining an optimal nutritional status and prompt recognition and treatment of co-morbidities.
Polycystic ovary syndrome is a common endocrinopathy
in reproductive age with an incidence of 4% to 7% (6), reaching 15% in infertile patients (7).
Hypothyroidism and diabetes mellitus a risky dual gestational endocrinopathy
. Peer J.
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrinopathy
affecting 4%-12% of women of reproductive age (1).
The main driver of endocrinopathy
in the modern world, however, is undisputedly diabetes.2 Diabetes mellitus is a complex syndrome, characterized by hyperglycaemia.
The most common immune-related adverse event was endocrinopathy
(23%), specifically hypothyroidism (14%) and hyperthyroidism (10%).
Giving a presentation on cost-effective management of endocrinopathy
in thalassaemia major, Dr Khadija Nuzhat Humayun practising at the Aga Khan University Hospital emphasised the need for getting thalassaemic patients regularly examined by relevant experts.
Maemura et al., "Genetic analysis in a patient with recurrent cardiac myxoma and endocrinopathy
," Circulation Journal, vol.
(e.g., thyrotoxic periodic paralysis) Inflammatory (e.g., myositis) Infective (e.g., viral hepatitis or human immunodeficiency syndrome) Genetic (e.g., muscular dystrophy or metabolic storage disorders) Malignancy-associated Drug-induced (e.g., statins, corticosteroids or alcohol) Others Nervous system disorder Motor neuropathies Peripheral nerve disease (e.g., tick paralysis or demyelinating disorders) Neuromuscular junction disorders (e.g., Myasthenia gravis or botulism)
Polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy
, monoclonal protein, and skin changes (POEMS) syndrome is a rare syndrome with the following diagnostic criteria: major criteria: polyneuropathy, monoclonal plasma disorder, Castleman's disease, sclerotic bone lesions, increased vascular endothelial growth factor; minor criteria: organomegaly, extravascular volume overload, skin changes, endocrinopathy
, papilledema, thrombocytosis, and polycythemia [2, 9].
Among them, epidural lipomatosis usually occurs in obese people, patients with a history of corticosteroid use, and those with an endocrinopathy
. The Kovalevsky or neurenteric canal is defined as a canal connecting the neural tube and archenteron in the embryo, resulting from a persisting abnormal communication between the notochord and yolk sac and the amnion during an early stage of embryonic development.