Bundle branch reentry: A rare mechanism of ventricular tachycardia in endomyocardial
fibrosis, without ventricular dilation.
Examples of environmental factors are unfavorable climate, soils, or government policies, while genetic factors include susceptibility to diseases, such as endomyocardial
fibrosis, for which poverty is a risk factor.
Tissue characterization of wall * Residual myocyte < 60% by * Residual myocyte 60% to 75% by morphometric analysis (or < 50% morphometric analysis (or 50% to if estimated), with fibrous 65% if estimated), with fibrous replacement of the RV free wall replacement of the RV free wall myocardium in > 1 sample, with myocardium in [greater than or our without fatty replacement of equal to] 1 sample, with our tissue on endomyocardial
Exclusion of coronary artery disease, congenital, valvular or hypertensive heart disease by angiography and echocardiography and infiltrative heart disease by endomyocardial
biopsy (if required) leads then to further echocardiographic evaluation for diastolic dysfunction in the presence of normal LV systolic function.
The Role of Endomyocardial
Biopsy in the Management of Cardiovascular DiseaseA Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association, the American College of Cardiology, and the European Society of Cardiology Endorsed by the Heart Failure Society of America and the Heart Failure Association of the European Society of Cardiology.
biopsy is the gold standard in diagnosis, but it must be noted that this technique is applicable only in selected cases due to the difficulty and the risk involved.
The gold standard for the diagnosis of myocarditis is the endomyocardial
A positive endomyocardial
biopsy result for sarcoid is associated with poor prognosis in patients with initially unexplained cardiomyopathy.
In the United States in the 1990s, a group of major heart failure referral centers reportedly diagnosed GCM (via autopsy, endomyocardial
biopsy, apical wedge resection, or cardiac explantation) an average of once every 21 months.
biopsies, up to 20 in the first year after HTx, are the standard approach to detect graft rejection, but require an invasive risk-carrying procedure.
biopsy forceps (Argon Medical Devices, Inc.
The accurate diagnosis of CA traditionally requires a gold standard endomyocardial
biopsy (EMBx) with 1% risk of perforation if performed by skilled operators.