There are so many pre-disposing factors involved at various degrees such as endoparasitism
, malnutrition, neoplasia, immune-suppressive therapy, genetic factors, cutaneous ecology, environmental factors, endocrine disorders, estrus and whelping plays pathogenetic role (Kwochka, 1987; Duclos et al., 1994).
in donkeys of Debre-Zeit and Menagesha, Ethiopia: Strategic treatment with ivermectin and fenbendazole.
In Pakistan including Tandojam, endoparasitism
is no doubt, one of the major menaces for livestock to be a profitable industry [13, 9].
The parasitism caused by parasites can be divided into 2 categories as endoparasitism
caused by endoparasites likehelminthes and ectoparasitism caused by ectoparasites.
At necropsy, the gross and histologic findings were chronic, granulomatous, heterophilic, and necrotizing oophoritis; salpingitis; peritonitis; otitis; and meningitis, as well as endoparasitism
by Heterakis species.