Perhaps the process of endosymbiosis
in which prokaryotes became incorporated into other eukaryotic cells is an early form of holobionts.
1809 supports a single origin for xylotrophy (wood feeding) and xylotrophic bacterial endosymbiosis
In the family Aphididae, several diets have already been developed and used in toxicological, physiological, and behavioral research, as well as in studies of endosymbiosis
, virus transmission, mortality, and nutrition (Hunter & Hsu 1999).
From this primary endosymbiosis
evolved green algae and plants, Red algae, And glaucophytes.
These associations in ecosystems are influenced by the relationships among organic and inorganic nutrients, hydric relationships, and the carbon cycle in plants, as well as the edaphic conditions, such as the chemical composition, humidity, temperature, pH, cation exchange capacity, and biotic and abiotic factors , and can affect plant endosymbiosis
This process of endosymbiosis
, marking the birth of mitochondria, changed the course of evolution  (reviewed in ).
Of course, that had to produce a number of new mechanisms to get energy, so it is possible to say that primitive eukaryote possible could become a predator with the ability to devour bacteria and archaea in order to get food, but eventually endosymbiosis
would lead to the improvement of a mitochondria and chloroplasts, producing a complete new feature; however, two processes would be important to complete phagocytosis.
However, there is little information as to how free-living autonomous bacteria became semi-autonomous organelles during endosymbiosis
in early eukaryotic evolution.
Meanwhile, Johnson joined WHOI in 2009, where he has conducted research on protozoa that steal chloroplasts and other organelles for their own use (a phenomenon known as kleptoplasty) and algae that continue to live inside other organisms (a phenomenon called endosymbiosis
and eukaryotic cell evolution," Current Biology, vol.
Gupta, "Origin of diderm (Gram-negative) bacteria: antibiotic selection pressure rather than endosymbiosis
likely led to the evolution of bacterial cells with two membranes," Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, vol.
Key words: Whitefly, Endosymbiosis
, Cotton, PCR, CLCV.