As a result, a remarkable effect has been observed in the energy band
gap and electrical conductivity of the polyaniline incorporated paper with variation of Fe[Cl.sub.3] concentration.
Among the experiments themselves are to determine the wavelength of monochromatic light (sodium light) by Newton's ring, to determine the specific rotation of cane sugar solutions using half-shade polarimeter, to verify Stefan's Law by electric method using a vacuum diode, to determine the energy band
gap of a given extrinsic semi-conductor material by thermal variation using a four probe method, and to determine the coefficient of viscosity of a water by Meyer's disc method.
Nowadays it's Bill's high energy band
The Sharpeez who have established themselves on the touring circuit both here and in Europe.
Many of the other gamma ray emission sources, in this very high energy band
, have so far been linked to pulsars or supernova remnants (the remains of an exploding star).
 reported similar energy band
gaps shifts for Ti[O.sub.2]/Co/Ti[O.sub.2] multilayers with 80 nm Ti[O.sub.2] layers thickness and Co ultrathin interlayers (<4 nm) obtained by RF magnetron sputtering technique.
In this paper, based on the first-principles calculation of density functional theory , different proportions of rare earth Ce are doped into the contact material of Sn[O.sub.2], conducting geometric optimization, energy band
, density of states and elastic constant, and then analyzing the conductivity and hardness to theoretical study the electronic structure and mechanical properties.
Figure 1 illustrates the energy band
diagram of a p-n junction at thermal equilibrium.
To determine the optical energy band
gap, the optical absorption coefficient (a) corresponding to the energy (hv) of the irradiation from the absorption spectrum was obtained and the optical energy interval was calculated.
It can be seen from the figures that the values of the energy band
gap of the thin films are slightly different.
The scientists were able to vary the thickness of every layer, thereby altering the size and the energy band
structure which affects the material's properties - Energy band
structure refers to the range of energy that electrons in a particular material could possess.
The energy band
gap value of quantum dots is too low and it shows absorption in the Near IR region.
In our work for the first time, all of the three classifications are taken into account with respect to the increasing number of vacancies and energy band
gap modifications are clarified.