Antibodies are the main form of defense against enteroviruses (7), and severe, chronic, and disseminated enteroviral
infections are generally limited to neonates or patients with profound B-cell deficiencies (XLA or hematopoietic stem cell transplantation).
It can look in certain respects like bacterial or enteroviral
meningitis, cytomegalovirus infection, syphilis, or toxoplasmosis, all of which are in the differential diagnosis.
Enteroviruses are common viruses associated with diverse clinical manifestations ranging from mild febrile illness to severe and potentially fatal syndromes including aseptic meningitis, encephalitis, neonatal systemic enteroviral
disease, and paralytic poliomyelitis (1).
(NPEV) infections--including coxsackievirus A and B, echoviruses, and the newer numbered enteroviruses--are responsible for most acute febrile illnesses in children and adolescents during the summer and early fall.
The FilmArray platform is capable of detecting enteroviral
infections caused by EV-D68 but cannot differentiate between rhinoviruses and enteroviruses (5).
testing and Leptospira serology were negative.
No single sign "will let the physician know the patient has West Nile as opposed to an enteroviral
or other cause of encephalitis.
These studies might include systematically investigating patients and environmental samples for enteroviral
and other etiologic agents.
Specifically, after an enteroviral
infection of the myocardium, natural killer cells, macrophages, and T-cells infiltrate the tissue.
coryza, pharyngitis, bronchitis, and bronchiolitis [7,9], poliomyelitis-like illness , diarrhea with fever [7,9], rash [7,9], encephalitis , and enteroviral
Children under 1 year of age accounted for 45% of the total 1,741 enteroviral
strains reported, of which the most common were echoviruses 30, 11, and 9 (MMWR 49:913-16, 2000).
Nine cases of enteroviral
encephalitis (1 caused by echovirus 13, 1 caused by coxsackievirus A16, 2 caused by enterovirus 71, and 5 caused by unknown enteroviruses) have been reported after therapy with rituximab, a monoclonal antibody (MAb) that causes secondary hypogammaglobulinemia (2).