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Related to enthymemes: syllogism


n. Logic
A syllogism in which one of the premises or the conclusion is not stated explicitly.

[Latin enthȳmēma, from Greek enthūmēma, a rhetorical argument, from enthūmeisthai, to consider : en-, in; see en-2 + thūmos, mind.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


1. (Logic) an incomplete syllogism, in which one or more premises are unexpressed as their truth is considered to be self-evident
2. (Logic) any argument some of whose premises are omitted as obvious
[C16: via Latin from Greek enthumēma, from enthumeisthai to infer (literally: to have in the mind), from en-2 + thumos mind]
ˌenthymeˈmatic, ˌenthymeˈmatical adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈɛn θəˌmim)

a syllogism or other argument in which a premise or the conclusion is unexpressed.
[1580–90; < Latin enthȳmēma < Greek enthymēma thought, argument, derivative of enthȳmē-, variant s. of enthȳmeîsthai to ponder]
en`thy•me•mat′ic, adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
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References in periodicals archive ?
What Aristotle means by "superficiality" and the significance of its contrary, zetetic depth, is further illuminated by the discussion in Rhetoric 3.10 of the contrast between "well-regarded" ([phrase omitted]) and superficial enthymemes. Aristotle indicates that the key difference is that the former but not the latter kind of enthymeme requires, and hence provides the occasion for, thought.
The point is that communicating using enthymemes is more effective than communicating using syllogisms.
The enthymeme, a highly condensed argument with one or more unstated premises, persuades largely because it assumes that those premises do not need explication: enthymemes work by inferring agreement on topics that ostensibly require no discussion.
To say that "we feel" a certain emotion because of Ruskin's writing is unconvincing unless the author can conjure that emotion in the reader, for in appealing to pathos, he has tossed out enthymemes and their syllogisms as useful means of argumentation; he has invoked a shared existential experience, not a rational warrant.
Aristotle's remark on Isocrates' treatment of Evagoras is a case in point: in his discussion about enthymemes, Aristotle points to the fact that the Athenian general Conon took refuge with Evagoras as proof of Evagoras' goodness, and as confirmation of Isocrates' judgment on Evagoras.
Logos is the use of logical arguments which a speaker gives with the help of paradigms and enthymemes. Paradigm involves the use of anecdotes and stories for proving a point, and enthymemes are the syllogistic arguments in which a claim is supported by one or more spans.
In the "Rhetoric," Aristotle wrote: "Whenever men in speaking effect persuasion through proofs, they do so either with examples or enthymemes; they use nothing else."
Why would anyone want to deny your right to thati Visionary politics relies primarily on imaginative appeals, not syllogisms or enthymemes, as anyone who has listened to recent presidential campaigns will recognize.
In the latter approach, scholars have taken a broader view of enthymemes. Farrell called it "partisan argument as collaborative utterance," spotlighting the role of audience involvement and judgment in the rhetorical form, with validity conceived more loosely in terms of social knowledge or "tacit reference" rather than formalistic schemes (2000, 99, 98).
(2.) The Because RhetComp Tumblr site creates truncated enthymemes asserting individual scholars as the "reason" for concepts and movements in the field; examples include "Taste/Because Blair" "Technologies of Wonder/Because Delagrange" (http ://becauserhetcomp .tumblr.com).
One is inductive (historical examples as recorded earlier) and the other deductive (enthymemes or syllogisms).
Judgments of logical soundness and pragmatic convincingness as related to standard 3 component syllogisms and to enthymemes. Paper presented at the 5th International Conference on Argumentation, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands.