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 (ĕn-vī′rən, -vī′ərn)
tr.v. en·vi·roned, en·vi·ron·ing, en·vi·rons
To encircle; surround: The vast desert environed the oases.

[Middle English envirounen, from Old French environner, from environ, round about : en-, in; see en-1 + viron, circle (from virer, to turn; see veer1).]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(tr) to encircle or surround
[C14: from Old French environner to surround, from environ around, from en-1 + viron a circle, from virer to turn, veer1]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ɛnˈvaɪ rən, -ˈvaɪ ərn)

to form a circle or ring round; surround; envelop: a house environed by pleasant grounds.
[1300–50; Middle English envirounen < Old French environner, derivative of environ around (en en-1 + viron a circle; vir(er) to turn, veer + -on n. suffix)]


1. environment.
2. environmental.
3. environmentalism.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.


Past participle: environed
Gerund: environing

I environ
you environ
he/she/it environs
we environ
you environ
they environ
I environed
you environed
he/she/it environed
we environed
you environed
they environed
Present Continuous
I am environing
you are environing
he/she/it is environing
we are environing
you are environing
they are environing
Present Perfect
I have environed
you have environed
he/she/it has environed
we have environed
you have environed
they have environed
Past Continuous
I was environing
you were environing
he/she/it was environing
we were environing
you were environing
they were environing
Past Perfect
I had environed
you had environed
he/she/it had environed
we had environed
you had environed
they had environed
I will environ
you will environ
he/she/it will environ
we will environ
you will environ
they will environ
Future Perfect
I will have environed
you will have environed
he/she/it will have environed
we will have environed
you will have environed
they will have environed
Future Continuous
I will be environing
you will be environing
he/she/it will be environing
we will be environing
you will be environing
they will be environing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been environing
you have been environing
he/she/it has been environing
we have been environing
you have been environing
they have been environing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been environing
you will have been environing
he/she/it will have been environing
we will have been environing
you will have been environing
they will have been environing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been environing
you had been environing
he/she/it had been environing
we had been environing
you had been environing
they had been environing
I would environ
you would environ
he/she/it would environ
we would environ
you would environ
they would environ
Past Conditional
I would have environed
you would have environed
he/she/it would have environed
we would have environed
you would have environed
they would have environed
Collins English Verb Tables © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.environ - extend on all sides of simultaneously; encircle; "The forest surrounds my property"
adjoin, contact, touch, meet - be in direct physical contact with; make contact; "The two buildings touch"; "Their hands touched"; "The wire must not contact the metal cover"; "The surfaces contact at this point"
fringe - decorate with or as if with a surrounding fringe; "fur fringed the hem of the dress"
gird, girdle - put a girdle on or around; "gird your loins"
cloister - surround with a cloister; "cloister the garden"
inclose, shut in, close in, enclose - surround completely; "Darkness enclosed him"; "They closed in the porch with a fence"
hem in - surround in a restrictive manner; "The building was hemmed in by flowers"
cloister - surround with a cloister, as of a garden
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.


The American Heritage® Roget's Thesaurus. Copyright © 2013, 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
Go where he may, precious sympathies environ him; and domestic affection places his knife and fork at innumerable family tables.
A man is like a tree: in a forest of his fellows he will grow as straight as his generic and individual nature permits; alone in the open, he yields to the deforming stresses and tortions that environ him.
"It is unfortunate," returned he, "that you have never visited the environs, for I wish to see my new property this evening, and had you gone with me, you could have given me some useful information."
Neither do I reckon it an ill seat, only where the air is unwholesome; but likewise where the air is unequal; as you shall see many fine seats set upon a knap of ground, environed with higher hills round about it; whereby the heat of the sun is pent in, and the wind gathereth as in troughs; so as you shall have, and that suddenly, as great diversity of heat and cold as if you dwelt in several places.
We passed a considerable period at Oxford, rambling among its environs and endeavouring to identify every spot which might relate to the most animating epoch of English history.
Environed by them, while the Woodman and the Farmer worked unheeded, those two of the large jaws, and those other two of the plain and the fair faces, trod with stir enough, and carried their divine rights with a high hand.
Only, with the view of evading the Law, if possible, I spoke not of a physical Dimension, but of a Thoughtland whence, in theory, a Figure could look down upon Flatland and see simultaneously the insides of all things, and where it was possible that there might be supposed to exist a Figure environed, as it were, with six Squares, and containing eight terminal Points.
To the there-named south-fruits now, Similar, all-too-similar, Do I lie here; by little Flying insects Round-sniffled and round-played, And also by yet littler, Foolisher, and peccabler Wishes and phantasies,-- Environed by you, Ye silent, presentientest Maiden-kittens, Dudu and Suleika, --ROUNDSPHINXED, that into one word I may crowd much feeling:
*And gemmy flower, of Trebizond misnam'd - Inmate of highest stars, where erst it sham'd All other loveliness : its honied dew(The fabled nectar that the heathen knew) Deliriously sweet, was dropp'd from Heaven, And fell on gardens of the unforgiven In Trebizond - and on a sunny flower So like its own above that, to this hour, It still remaineth, torturing the bee With madness, and unwonted reverie : In Heaven, and all its environs, the leaf And blossom of the fairy plant, in grief Disconsolate linger - grief that hangs her head, Repenting follies that full long have fled, Heaving her white breast to the balmy air, Like guilty beauty, chasten'd, and more fair : Nyctanthes too, as sacred as the light She fears to perfume, perfuming the night :
After having shown the public spirit of this praiseworthy little animal as a member of a community, and his amiable and exemplary conduct as the father of a family, we grieve to record the perils with which he is environed, and the snares set for him and his painstaking household.
The consciousness of being environed by such dangerous neighbors, and of being still within the range of Rose and his fellow ruffians, obliged the party to be continually on the alert, and to maintain weary vigils throughout the night, lest they should be robbed of their horses.
Not so very far to the left of her she could discern a dark patch in the scenery, which inquiry confirmed her in supposing to be trees marking the environs of Kingsbere--in the church of which parish the bones of her ancestors--her useless ancestors--lay entombed.