Also found in: Thesaurus, Wikipedia.


also e·pha  (ē′fə, ĕf′ä)
An ancient Hebrew unit of dry measure, equal to a tenth of a homer or about one bushel (35 liters).

[Hebrew 'êpâ, probably from Egyptian 'pt.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(ˈiːfə) or


(Units) a Hebrew unit of dry measure equal to approximately one bushel or about 33 litres
[C16: from Hebrew `ephāh, of Egyptian origin]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


or e•pha

(ˈi fə, ˈɛf ɑ)

n., pl. e•phahs or e•phas.
an ancient Hebrew unit of dry measure, equal to about a bushel (35 liters).
[1350–1400; Middle English < Hebrew ēphāh]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.ephah - an ancient Hebrew unit of dry measure equal to about a bushel
dry measure, dry unit - a unit of capacity for dry commodities (as fruit or grain)
kor, homer - an ancient Hebrew unit of capacity equal to 10 baths or 10 ephahs
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
A standard meal offering, for instance, requires one-tenth of an ephah of flour and a log of oil.
Regarding the meal offerings, Ezekiel notes several times that an ephah of flour is offered together with each bull and ram, and as much as one wishes or can afford with each lamb.
They're concerned only with knowing the exact time the "holy days" are over so they can "diminish the ephah, add to the shekel and fix [their] scales for cheating." They're heading in a different direction than their ancestors' covenant with Yahweh presumed they'd head.
Just balances, just weights, a just ephah, and a just hin, shall you have; I am the Lord your God, which brought you out of the land of Egypt (Leviticus 19).
Deuteronomy 10:21 shows a preoccupation with the object of praise, describing what God has done: "He is your praise; he is your God, who has done for you these great and awesome things that your own eyes have seen." Isaiah 42:8 talks of God's jealous expectations: "I am the LORD, that is my name; my glory I give to no other, nor my praise to idols." Isaiah 60:6, a prophecy involving the Gentiles, ties proclamation and praise together with deed: "A multitude of camels shall cover you, the young camels of Midian and Ephah; all those from Sheba shall come.
No one will "make the ephah small" or "falsify the balances" until there is buying and selling, "withhold the pledge" until there is loaning, "keep back the hire of the laborers" until there is a wage system, "justify the wicked for a reward" until men submit their disputes to a judge.
McConville observes that "the traders [here] want to make the ephah [bushel] small when selling grain, and the shekel large, being a measure of the weight of the silver in which they will be paid" (2002, 372).
The prophet Amos also remonstrated the Jews for unethical business practices, including "making the ephah (a dry measure) smaller and the shekel larger and falsifying the scales of deceit." (46)