ephor


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eph·or

 (ĕf′ôr′, -ər)
n. pl. eph·ors or eph·o·ri (-ə-rī′)
One of five elected magistrates exercising a supervisory power over the kings of Sparta.

[Latin ephorus, from Greek ephoros, from ephorān, to oversee : ep-, epi-, epi- + horān, to see; see wer- in Indo-European roots.]

eph′or·ate′ (-ə-rāt′, -ə-rĭt) n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

ephor

(ˈɛfɔː)
n, pl -ors or -ori (-əˌraɪ)
(Historical Terms) (in ancient Greece) one of a board of senior magistrates in any of several Dorian states, esp the five Spartan ephors, who were elected by vote of all full citizens and who wielded effective power
[C16: from Greek ephoros, from ephoran to supervise, from epi- + horan to look]
ˈephoral adj
ˈephorate n
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

eph•or

(ˈɛf ɔr, ˈɛf ər)

n., pl. -ors, -or•i (-əˌraɪ)
one of a body of magistrates in ancient Dorian states, esp. at Sparta, where a body of five was elected annually by the people.
[1580–90; < Latin ephorus < Greek éphoros overseer, guardian, ruler (compare ephorân to look over =ep- ep- + horân to see, look)]
eph′or•al, adj.
eph′or•ate (-əˌreɪt, -ər ɪt) n.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
Translations
efor
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References in periodicals archive ?
They regard the financial sector as neutral, not as fundamental (capitalism's "ephor," as Joseph Schumpeter put it).
SATURDAY'S SOLUTION: chert; cherty; chip; chirp; chirpy; chit; choir; chop; chore; chypre; cipher; echo; echt; ephor; epoch; etch; ethic; hector; heir; heriot; hero; heroic; hire; hoer; hope; hoper; hype; hyper; hypo; HYPOCRITE; ichor; itch; itchy; oche; ochre; ochry; other; perch; phot; photic; pitch; pitcher; pitchy; pith; pithy; porch; pother; retch; rhotic; rich; rochet; tech; techy; theory; thorp; thrice; thrip; tich; torch; trophic; trophy.
The rest of Three's first issue concerns an ephor and his son Arimnestos imposing themselves on the hospitality of a group of helots at a farm (including our three heroes, Klaros, Damar and Terpander).
[The banker is] the ephor of the exchange economy." (165) Banks create money (166) and credit (167) as they turn consumer deposits into loans.
The other speaker whom Thucydides presents, the ephor (i.e., one of five elected leaders who served with the two kings) Sthenelaidas, dismisses Archidamus's arguments with the clear notion that marching directly into Attica will end the war in short order.
The ephor, a lesser official who is nevertheless entitled to speak on an equal basis in the Spartan assembly, overcame the king's appeal with a simple rebuttal: The Athenians have undermined our status and harmed our interests; we must vote for immediate war "as the honor of Sparta demands." Even though fear was the underlying cause, honor set the tempo of the march to war.
Trianti, former ephor in the Greek Archaeological Service, for permission to study for publication the rupestral horoi on the northeast spur of the Hill of the Nymphs; Munindra Khaund for help with computing technology; Marie Mauzy for scanning and editing the illustrations; Anne Hooton for the drawing of Fig.
Like the Spartan ephor who lost out in argument to his warlike counterpart, Powell slowly lost power within the administration to the Department of Defense.
This is how Thucydides nails down the beginning of the Peloponnesian War: "In the 15th year [of a truce in the war], in the 48th year of the priesthood of Chrysis of Argos, when Enesias was ephor at Sparta and Pythodorus still had two months to serve as archon at Athens, six months after the battle of Potidea, just at the beginning of spring...."
Poecilomorphism (185) means that a single dramatic character may represent several historical figures at once: thus, the Hoopoe in Birds stands for Pericles (172) as well as for a Spartan ephor (165-6), King Agis (169, 179), and Brasidas (180-1).
He dates the year (431) according to the calendars of the three leading states: Chrysis had been high priestess of Argos for forty-eight years; Aenesias was ephor of Sparta; and Pythodorus was concluding his archonship in Athens.
Yet it was the Spartan ephor (elected leader) Sthenelaidas, who comes off as an angry demagogue, who got the Corinthian message completely.