The second skin, ecological role of epibiotic
biofilms on marine organisms.
diatoms are universally present on all sea turtle species.
Vibrio species have long been implicated in crustacean chitinolytic shell disease (Getchell 1989, Vogan et al.
The former invade the periplasmic space of its prey while the latter attaches to the external surface (epibiotic
) to derive its nutrients [2, 3].
For comparison, we also include one balananoidean species from an entirely different habitat, namely, epibiotic
in marine sponges, and a species from the Verrucomorpha, which is the sister group to the Balanomopha.
Orientation and position of substrata have large effects on epibiotic
Unlike what occurs with symbiosis, species-specific, obligate epibionts are rare and the majority of epibiotic
associations are therefore classified as facultative (Wahl & Mark, 1999).
Isolation of epibiotic
bacteria was done by swabbing a small area of the coral surface with a sterile cotton swab.
Relationship between barnacle epibiotic
load and hematologic parameters in loggerhead sea turtles (Caretta caretta), a comparison between migratory and residential animals in Pamlico Sound, North Carolina.
Mytilus byssus receives a 2- to 6.7-fold increase in stress induced by drag forces from epibiotic
For example, pond-reared adult Malaysian prawns (Macrobrachium rosenbergii) were noted to carry several epibiotic
organisms: green algae Oedogonium crassiusculum and Cyanobacteria, where infested specimens composed 58% of the male population (Smith et al., 1979).
Jarms G and Tiemann H (1996) On a new hydropolyp without tentacles, Microhydrula limopsicola n.sp., epibiotic
on bivalve shells from the Antarctic.