epicanthus


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ep·i·can·thus

 (ĕp′ĭ-kăn′thəs)
n. pl. ep·i·can·thi (-thī, -thē)

[New Latin : epi- + canthus.]

epicanthus

(ˌɛpɪˈkænθəs)
n, pl -thi (-θaɪ)
(Anatomy) a fold of skin extending vertically over the inner angle of the eye: characteristic of Mongolian peoples and a congenital anomaly among other races. Also called: epicanthic fold
[C19: New Latin, from epi- + Latin canthus corner of the eye, from Greek kanthos]
ˌepiˈcanthic adj

ep•i•can•thus

(ˌɛp ɪˈkæn θəs)

n., pl. -thi (-thī, -thē).
a fold of skin extending from the upper eyelid to or over the inner canthus of the eye, especially common in Asian peoples. Also called ep′ican′thic fold′, eyefold.
[1860–65]
ep`i•can′thic, adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.epicanthus - a vertical fold of skin over the nasal canthusepicanthus - a vertical fold of skin over the nasal canthus; normal for Mongolian peoples; sometimes occurs in Down's syndrome
eye, oculus, optic - the organ of sight
plica, fold - a folded part (as in skin or muscle)
References in periodicals archive ?
Canthus (kanthos, [phrase omitted]) is yet another a Greek term for the angle of the eye (angulus oculi or commissura palpebrarum in TA) that is clinically recognizable in terms like epicanthus and telecanthus.
To the Editor: Blepharophimosis-ptosis-epicanthus inversus syndrome (BPES; OMIM#110100) is featured by malformation of the eyelid, including ptosis, epicanthus inversus, telecanthus, and reduction of the horizontal fissure length with a prevalence of 1 in 50,000.[1],[2],[3] If not well treated, BPES could result in strabismus and amblyopia.[4] So far, BPES has been divided into two categories: Type I is characterized by ocular symptoms with premature ovarian failure (POF), while POF is absent in Type II.[5]
Epicanthus, palpebral ptosis and strabismus are the major stigmata of disembryogenesis of eyes and eye appendages encountered in patients with TS (26,27).
The 13-year-old could barely open her eyes and couldn't blink after she was born with a condition called Blepharophimosis Ptosis Epicanthus Inversus Syndrome (BPES).
On physical examination, bilateral ptosis, epicanthus, bilateral limited outward gaze, depressed nasal bridge, anteverted nostrils, thin upper lip, downturned mouth corners, and micrognathia were observed, the labial sulcus was obscure on the right side and the mouth corner was sliding to the left while crying (Picture 1).
Clinical examination at 21 months of age noted some dysmorphic features such as hypertrichosis, low anterior hairline, hypotelorism, downslanted palpebral fissures, epicanthus, anomalous teeth implantation, micrognathia, and dysmorphic, rotated, and low-set ears.
External examination revealed a craniofacial dysmorphism including dolichocephaly, hypertelorism, epicanthus, proptosis, convex nasal ridge, retrognathia, micrognathia, and small and low-set ears with prominent antitragus, underfolded helix, and absence of right earlobe.
Craniofacial abnormalities can manifest with vast variety of anterior segment abnormalities that include eyelid abnormalities such as ptosis and coloboma, ectropion and epicanthus inversus.
Abnormal ophthalmic findings are common in children with confirmed FVS syndrome, which include myopia, strabismus, astigmatism, anisometropia, epicanthus, color vision deficiency and bilateral congenital cataract21.