In cutting technique, rejuvenated plants can be achieved with clear cutting or through a drastic pruning in mature trees for induction of epicormic
shoots (STUEPP et al.
Drastic topping cuts create opportunities for epicormic
shoots on the remaining trunk to grow quickly into large, poorly attached branches, if the tree does not just die outright.
angustifolia were obtained by traditional cutting techniques following the plant rescue methodology through epicormic
shoots (Stuepp, Zuffellato-Ribas, Wendling, Koehler, & Bona, 2014).
Vegetative propagation of adult Ilex paraguariensis trees through epicormic
A reiterated trunk is a large, vertically oriented stem that has developed from an epicormic
bud (a dormant bud below the bark) (Sillet 1999).
Defect class Description Defects Acceptable Low-risk and healthy Burls and lumps growing stock with relatively few Crooks and minor defects sweeps Expected to maintain/ Epicormic
branching improve quality over Whiteface scars the rotation Unacceptable High risk and generally All of the above growing stock unhealthy with major All fungi and cankers defects Darkface scar (>900 [cm.
In mangrove areas affected by hurricane Andrew in Florida, Rhizophora mangle regenerated primarily via growth of seedlings present at the time of the hurricane, but trees of Avicennia germinans and Laguncularia racemosa resprouted abundantly from dormant epicormic
buds (Baldwin et al.
Apical shoots from plants cultured in the greenhouse and cloned from epicormic
shoots of 30-year-old teak trees from Cuba were cut off.
bark splits, presence of woodpecker scaling and feeding damage, and epicormic
growth on main trunk).
bark splits, exit holes, visible galleries, woodpecker activity, and epicormic
1997), its tallest and thickest trees should be kept under control by silvicultural interventions and its future role in mixed stands with sessile oak should be only for creating an understory to stimulate the natural pruning of sessile oak trees, avoid the occurrence of epicormic
branches and also protect and improve the forest soils.
27) found that these epicormic
shoots were more suitable for in vitro establishment and had greater capacity to develop shoots, callus and roots than top branch explants, seeing as top branches are older than epicormic
branches, and explants taken from juvenile parts of mature trees presented juvenile characteristics.