epidemic meningitis


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia.
Related to epidemic meningitis: epidemic encephalitis

epidemic meningitis

n
(Pathology) another name for cerebrospinal meningitis
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.epidemic meningitis - meningitis caused by bacteria and often fatal
meningitis - infectious disease characterized by inflammation of the meninges (the tissues that surround the brain or spinal cord) usually caused by a bacterial infection; symptoms include headache and stiff neck and fever and nausea
References in periodicals archive ?
In 1884, Italian pathologists Ettore Marchiafava and Angelo Celli described intracellular micrococci in cerebrospinal fluid, and in 1887, Anton Wiechselbaum identified the meningococcus (designated as Diplococcus intracellularis meningitidis) in cerebrospinal fluid and established the connection between the organism and epidemic meningitis.
Marc LaForce F, Ravenscroft N, Djingarey M, Viviani S (2009) Epidemic meningitis due to Group A Neisseria meningitidis in the African meningitis belt: a persistent problem with an imminent solution.
Ministry of health denies appearance of epidemic meningitis case at Khartoum
In December 2010, Burkina Faso became the first country to introduce PsA-TT (MenAfriVac), a new serogroup A meningococcal conjugate vaccine developed to eliminate epidemic meningitis in sub-Saharan Africa, via a national mass-immunization campaign.
Type A is the primary cause of epidemic meningitis in Africa.