He said croup should be differentiated from more serious medical diagnoses, including acute epiglottitis
, bacterial tracheitis, severe allergic reactions or an inhaled foreign body.
Nowadays, the extensive use of antibiotics, the development of intubation techniques, the increase in the number of patients receiving intensive care have decreased the number of tracheotomies performed due to upper respiratory tract infections such as epiglottitis
and laryngotracheabronchitis and increased the number of tracheotomies done due to prolonged intubation.
Untreated, it can lead to pneumonia, meningitis, epiglottitis
Kirsty Thorburn had the flu but then developed acute epiglottitis
, a potentially fatal throat infection which is rare in adults.
Patients diagnosed with acute URTI such as a common cold, pharyngitis, tonsillitis, laryngitis, otitis media, sinusitis, or epiglottitis
were randomly recruited from outpatient pediatric clinics of Nasser Central Hospital in Naser town, Beni-Suef, Egypt, from September 2014 to February 2015.
In the past, infections of the upper airway (diphtheria, epiglottitis
, etc.) causing UAI were the leading indications.
Though some disagreement exists regarding the exact boundary between the upper and lower respiratory tracts, URTIs occur in the respiratory tract above the lungs including throat (pharyngitis), nasopharynx (nasopharyngitis), sinus (sinusitis), larynx (laryngitis), epiglottis (epiglottitis
) or trachea (trachealis).
ARIs are classified into upper and lower ARIs6 Upper ARIs include rhinitis, sinusitis, ear infections, acute pharyngitis, tonsillo-pharyngitis, epiglottitis
In addition, bacterial tracheitis, epiglottitis
, peritonsillary abscess and retropharyngeal abscess, trauma, and subglottic hemangiomas may also lead to stridor.
([dagger]) Other infections not listed include pneumonia, septic arthritis, puerperal sepsis, cellulitis, epiglottitis
, and supraglottitis.
Diseases like epiglottitis
, which is where your windpipe closes because of an infection.
(4) Patients sometimes present with relapsing acute epiglottitis
or an episode of epiglottic abscess.