Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Acronyms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
ep·i·neph·rinealso ep·i·neph·rin (ĕp′ə-nĕf′rĭn)
1. A hormone secreted by the adrenal medulla that is released into the bloodstream in response to physical or mental stress, as from fear or injury. It initiates many bodily responses, including the stimulation of heart action and an increase in blood pressure, metabolic rate, and blood glucose concentration. Also called adrenaline.
2. A white to brownish crystalline compound, C9H13NO3, isolated from the adrenal glands of certain mammals or synthesized and used in medicine as a heart stimulant, vasoconstrictor, and bronchial relaxant.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
epinephrine(ˌɛpɪˈnɛfrɪn; -riːn) or
(Biochemistry) a US name for adrenaline
[C19: from epi- + nephro- + -ine2]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
or ep•i•neph•rin(ˌɛp əˈnɛf rɪn)
1. a hormone secreted by the adrenal medulla upon stimulation by the central nervous system in response to stress, as anger or fear, and acting to increase heart rate, blood pressure, cardiac output, and carbohydrate metabolism.
2. a commercial preparation of this substance, used chiefly as a heart stimulant and antiasthmatic.Also called adrenaline.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
A hormone secreted by the adrenal gland in response to physical or mental stress, as from fear. The release of epinephrine causes the heart to beat faster and more strongly, the pupils to dilate, and the rate of breathing to increase. Epinephrine also causes an increase in the amount of sugar in the blood, which can be used by the body as fuel when more alertness or greater physical effort is needed. Also called adrenaline.
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
(or adrenaline) A hormone produced by the adrenal glands to prepare the body for “fight or flight” in conditions of stress.
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
Switch to new thesaurus
|Noun||1.||epinephrine - a catecholamine secreted by the adrenal medulla in response to stress (trade name Adrenalin); stimulates autonomic nerve action|
pressor, vasoconstrictive, vasoconstrictor - any agent that causes a narrowing of an opening of a blood vessel: cold or stress or nicotine or epinephrine or norepinephrine or angiotensin or vasopressin or certain drugs; maintains or increases blood pressure
endocrine, hormone, internal secretion - the secretion of an endocrine gland that is transmitted by the blood to the tissue on which it has a specific effect
neurotransmitter - a neurochemical that transmits nerve impulses across a synapse
catecholamine - any of a group of chemicals including epinephrine and norepinephrine that are produced in the medulla of the adrenal gland
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.