Irenodia Gratulatoria, sire Oliveri Cromwelli Epinicion
. London, 1652.
Greek lyric poet of the Aegean island of Ceos, nephew of the poet Simonides and a younger contemporary of the Boeotian poet Pindar, whom he rivaled in the composition of the epinicion form of ode.
A firm date is provided by Ode 5, an epinicion written to celebrate the victory of Hieron I, ruler of Syracuse, in the horse race at the Olympian games of 476 BC.
Rehrig lists a well-known contemporaneous band piece, Epinicion
, under Joseph Paulson when in fact the composer is John Paulson.
Verse forms of the encomium include the epinicion
and the ode.
epinicion or epinikion plural epinicia or epinikiaGreek epinikion, from epi on, upon + nike victory
An epinicion was performed as part of the celebration on the victor's triumphal return to the city.
In contrast to the lofty, heroic epinicion
odes of the Greek poet Pindar, most of Horace's odes are intimate and reflective.
form, which originally was a relatively simple poem of rejoicing enhanced by touches of realism and humor, is assimilated by Pindar to the religious hymn.
Although fragments of Pindar's poems in all of the classical choral forms are extant, it is the collection of four books of epinicion odes that has influenced poets of the Western world since their publication by Aldus Manutius the Elder in 1513.
The odes are among the greatest in the English language; they include John Dryden's "Alexander's Feast," William Wordsworth's "Ode: Intimations of Immortality," Percy Bysshe Shelley's "Ode to the West Wind," Alfred, Lord Tennyson's "Ode on the Death of the Duke of Wellington," and John Keats's "Ode on a Grecian Urn." See also EPINICION; ODE.
Greek lyric poet and epigrammatist who appears to have originated the epinicion
ode in honor of victors in the Olympic Games, his epinicion
of 520 BC being the earliest recorded.