epsilon toxin


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Related to epsilon toxin: clostridium perfringens
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Noun1.epsilon toxin - a bacterial toxin produced by clostridium perfringens; causes intense abdominal cramps and diarrhea that begins 8-22 hours after consumption of foods containing large numbers of these bacteria
bacterial toxin - any endotoxin or exotoxin formed in or elaborated by bacterial cells
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References in periodicals archive ?
Alpha toxin gene primers forward: 5'-GCTAATGTTACTGCCGTTGA-3', reverse: 5'-CCTCTGATACATCGTGTAAG-3' - Beta toxin gene primers forward: 5'-GCGAATATGCTGAATCATCTA-3', revers: 5'-GCAGGAACATTAGTATATCTTC-3' Epsilon toxin gene primers forward: 5'-GCGGTGATATCCATCTATTC-3', reverse: 5'-CCACTTACTTGTCCTACTAAC- 3' and Iota toxin gene primer forward: 5'-ACTACTCTCAGACAAGACAG-3', reverse: 5'-CTTTCCTTCTATTACTATACG-3' (Rahaman et al., 2013; Ahsani et al., 2010; Yuan et al., 2012).
The detection of the epsilon toxin in intestinal contents or stool samples using the serum neutralization test in mice or enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) is considered the "gold standard" method to diagnose enterotoxaemia; however, these techniques are available in very few laboratories.
perfringens and the detection of the alpha toxin gene by polymerase chain reaction, but without any traces of the beta toxin, enterotoxin, epsilon toxin, or iota toxin.
Blasi, "Correlation between in vitro cytotoxicity and in vivo lethal activity in mice of epsilon toxin mutants from Clostridium perfringens" PLOS ONE, vol.
Vartanian and Rumah note, that a molecule called epsilon toxin is a good candidate.
Epsilon toxin is protease activated protoxin that produced mainly by C.
This organism secretes lethal alpha and epsilon toxins which play major role in the production of the disease but epsilon toxin has a significant role in the pathogenesis of enterotoxaemia in ruminants (Popoff, 2011).
Lane 3 revealed a band at the 43 kDa region for alpha toxin and a band at the 30 kDa region for the mature epsilon toxin, respectively.
Polymerase chain reaction assay was employed to detect the virulence toxin genes like alpha toxin gene (cpa), beta toxin gene (cpb), epsilon toxin gene (etx), iota toxin gene (iA), enterotoxin gene (cpe) and beta2 toxin gene (cpb2) of C.
* Category B - Brucellosis, Q fever, ricin toxin from castor beans, Glanders, epsilon toxin of Clostridium perfringens, and enterotoxin B of Staphylococcus)
perfringens type D is also responsible for producing epsilon toxin that affects various systems of body in small ruminants.