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1. Of or relating to a language, such as Georgian, in which the subject of an intransitive verb and the object of a transitive verb are expressed by one grammatical case, and the subject of a transitive verb is expressed by another.
2. Of or relating to the grammatical case of the subject of a transitive verb in such a language.
1. The ergative case.
2. An ergative inflection.
3. A nominal having an ergative form.

[From Greek ergatēs, worker, from ergon, work; see werg- in Indo-European roots.]

er′ga·tiv′i·ty n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(Grammar) grammar the state of being ergative
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
References in periodicals archive ?
Dixon, the world's leading authority on ergativity) when Tolkien could have drawn on research relating to thirty to forty such languages.
2016; Arkhangelskiy & Usacheva to appear) and ergativity (Longenbaugh & Polinsky 2017).
The preference for postpositions has nothing to do with the ergativity of Urartian (or Hurrian) but would solely be a result of Urartian being a suffixing agglutinative language.
(11) Maarten Lemmens, Lexical Perspectives on Transitivity and Ergativity: Causative Constructions in English (Amsterdam, 1998), 114 (emphasis his),
Some authors refer to variable case marking on S arguments of monovalent clauses and A arguments of bivalent clauses as "optional ergativity" in the typological literature.
The connection between disposition ascriptions and ergativity is shown to have consequences for the metaphysics of dispositions.
Also, we observed that the introduction of the functional category Voice, due to the defectiveness of , in the past tense not only explained the assignment of accusative Case but also provided the logic for the split-ergative nature of Pashto language; leading towards the conclusion that split- ergativity in Pashto is nothing but the close and intimate relation between passive voice and past tense, a relation already reported for other Indo-Iranian languages.
Ergativity is a rare typological property (25% of languages in the world) not found in Europe (Dixon, 1994).