ergot


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

er·got

 (ûr′gət, -gŏt′)
n.
1. Any of several fungi of the genus Claviceps, especially C. purpurea, that infect various cereal plants and form compact black masses of branching filaments that replace the grains of the host plant. Humans and livestock can be poisoned by ingesting ergot-infected grains.
2. The plant disease caused by such a fungus.
3. The dried sclerotia of ergot, usually obtained from rye seed and used as a source of several medicinally important alkaloids and as the basic source of lysergic acid.

[French, from Old French argot, cock's spur (from its shape), of unknown origin.]

er·got′ic adj.

ergot

(ˈɜːɡət; -ɡɒt)
n
1. (Plant Pathology) a disease of cereals and other grasses caused by ascomycete fungi of the genus Claviceps, esp C. purpurea, in which the seeds or grain of the plants are replaced by the spore-containing bodies (sclerotia) of the fungus
2. (Plant Pathology) any fungus causing this disease
3. (Medicine) the dried sclerotia of C. purpurea, used as the source of certain alkaloids used to treat haemorrhage, facilitate uterine contraction in childbirth, etc
[C17: from French: spur (of a cock), of unknown origin]

er•got

(ˈɜr gət, -gɒt)

n.
1.
a. a disease of rye and other cereal grasses, caused by a fungus of the genus Claviceps, esp. C. purpurea, which replaces the affected grain with a long, hard, blackish sclerotial body.
b. the sclerotial body itself.
2. the dried sclerotium of C. purpurea, developed on rye plants, from which various medicinal alkaloids are derived.
[1675–85; < French: literally, a rooster's spur]

er·got

(ûr′gət)
A fungus that infects rye, wheat, and other grain plants, forming black masses among the seeds. Grain infected with ergot is poisonous and can cause serious illness.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.ergot - a plant disease caused by the ergot fungus
plant disease - a disease that affects plants
2.ergot - a fungus that infects various cereal plants forming compact black masses of branching filaments that replace many grains of the plantergot - a fungus that infects various cereal plants forming compact black masses of branching filaments that replace many grains of the plant; source of medicinally important alkaloids and of lysergic acid
Claviceps, genus Claviceps - fungi parasitic upon the ovaries of various grasses
rye ergot - a sclerotium or hardened mass of mycelium
fungus - an organism of the kingdom Fungi lacking chlorophyll and feeding on organic matter; ranging from unicellular or multicellular organisms to spore-bearing syncytia
Translations
härkäjyvätorajyvä

ergot

[ˈɜːgət] Ncornezuelo m (del centeno)

ergot

nMutterkorn nt, → Hungerkorn nt

er·got

n. cornezuelo de centeno, hongo que en forma seca o en extracto se usa como medicamento para detener hemorragias o para inducir contracciones uterinas.
References in periodicals archive ?
It is contraindicated in patients receiving pimozide or ergot alkaloids.
When people eat food contaminated with the fungus ergot, they could start showing symptoms that mimic those of epilepsy or a mental illness, such as "violent muscle spasms, vomiting, delusions, hallucinations, crawling sensations on the skin, and a host of other symptoms - all of which .
Last year Egypt faced accusations of having trace amounts of ergot in imported wheat cargos In response Egypt banned any trace of ergot, a common grain fungus in cargos.
Last season, the nation turned back several shipments purchased by the state-run buyer -- the General Authority for Supply Commodities -- due to the presence of a common wheat fungus called ergot.
1g - minimal protein content - 9% - maximum content of ergot - 0.
Of the mentioned herbal medicines, Blue Cohosh, Black Cohosh, Black Haw, Cramp Bark, Ergot and Golden Seal were frequently mentioned.
The ministers of supply, agriculture, and health said that the imported wheat will be treated for ergot before grinding, and that it poses no threat to the health of Egyptians.
A semi-synthetic ergot alkaloid, Methergine is indicated for routine management of uterine atony, hemorrhage, and subinvolution of the uterus following delivery of the placenta, and for control of uterine hemorrhage in the second stage of labor following delivery of the anterior shoulder.
A conflict between Egypt's agricultural quarantine authority and the agriculture and supply ministries that erupted last year over the level of ergot fungus allowed in wheat imports has led to a series of shipments to the world's largest importer being rejected and a crisis in confidence with global suppliers.
The present study deals with the production of ergot alkaloids from Penicillium sp.
Ergot alkaloids are tryptophan derived secondary metabolites with appreciably toxicological and pharmacological applications.
As InVivo prides itself in maintaining the quality of the grain it stores and transports, the industry issue surrounding ergot contamination in wheat during 2013 represented a significant challenge for the company.