ergot

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er·got

 (ûr′gət, -gŏt′)
n.
1. Any of several fungi of the genus Claviceps, especially C. purpurea, that infect various cereal plants and form compact black masses of branching filaments that replace the grains of the host plant. Humans and livestock can be poisoned by ingesting ergot-infected grains.
2. The plant disease caused by such a fungus.
3. The dried sclerotia of ergot, usually obtained from rye seed and used as a source of several medicinally important alkaloids and as the basic source of lysergic acid.

[French, from Old French argot, cock's spur (from its shape), of unknown origin.]

er·got′ic adj.

ergot

(ˈɜːɡət; -ɡɒt)
n
1. (Plant Pathology) a disease of cereals and other grasses caused by ascomycete fungi of the genus Claviceps, esp C. purpurea, in which the seeds or grain of the plants are replaced by the spore-containing bodies (sclerotia) of the fungus
2. (Plant Pathology) any fungus causing this disease
3. (Medicine) the dried sclerotia of C. purpurea, used as the source of certain alkaloids used to treat haemorrhage, facilitate uterine contraction in childbirth, etc
[C17: from French: spur (of a cock), of unknown origin]

er•got

(ˈɜr gət, -gɒt)

n.
1.
a. a disease of rye and other cereal grasses, caused by a fungus of the genus Claviceps, esp. C. purpurea, which replaces the affected grain with a long, hard, blackish sclerotial body.
b. the sclerotial body itself.
2. the dried sclerotium of C. purpurea, developed on rye plants, from which various medicinal alkaloids are derived.
[1675–85; < French: literally, a rooster's spur]

er·got

(ûr′gət)
A fungus that infects rye, wheat, and other grain plants, forming black masses among the seeds. Grain infected with ergot is poisonous and can cause serious illness.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.ergot - a plant disease caused by the ergot fungus
plant disease - a disease that affects plants
2.ergot - a fungus that infects various cereal plants forming compact black masses of branching filaments that replace many grains of the plantergot - a fungus that infects various cereal plants forming compact black masses of branching filaments that replace many grains of the plant; source of medicinally important alkaloids and of lysergic acid
Claviceps, genus Claviceps - fungi parasitic upon the ovaries of various grasses
rye ergot - a sclerotium or hardened mass of mycelium
fungus - an organism of the kingdom Fungi lacking chlorophyll and feeding on organic matter; ranging from unicellular or multicellular organisms to spore-bearing syncytia
Translations
härkäjyvätorajyvä

ergot

[ˈɜːgət] Ncornezuelo m (del centeno)

ergot

nMutterkorn nt, → Hungerkorn nt

er·got

n. cornezuelo de centeno, hongo que en forma seca o en extracto se usa como medicamento para detener hemorragias o para inducir contracciones uterinas.
References in periodicals archive ?
They also were taking one to three other headache medications, including triptans, opioids, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, muscle relaxants, benzodiazepines, barbiturates, and ergots.
Like the triptans, ergots address the key peripheral target, calcitonin gene--related peptide.
Despite the frequent use of ergots and settings of sepsis, we rarely encounter peripheral symmetrical gangrene in pregnant women.
Other drug categories used to treat pain include triptans, which mimic the action of the brain chemical serotonin; antinausea and related drugs; and ergots, which were used for decades before the more recent introduction of triptans.