He covers esophageal anatomy and physiology, transnasal esophagoscopy, the video-fluoroscopic esophagram
, high-resolution esophageal manometry, ambulatory pH and impedance monitoring, esophagitis, upper esophageal sphincter dysfunction, esophageal webs and rings and diverticula, esophageal motility disorders, esophageal stricture, hiatal hernia, Barrett's esophagus, and esophageal neoplasia.
Patients started liquid at the second postoperative day after an esophagram
revealed no leak.
was negative for perforation and Ancef was initiated.
Caption: Figure 2: Barium esophagram
showing the presence of Cervical-Esophageal Web.
Twenty hours after ingestion, in the emergency department, a chest X-ray and esophagram
were within normal limits and the patient was admitted to the hospital pediatric service in stable condition.
For his dysphagia, he was evaluated by a speech-language pathologist and underwent a cine esophagram
which showed severe swallowing weakness with aspiration; a PEG tube was subsequently placed.
(Figure 2) showed esophageal dilation with a gradual tapering down to the gastroesophageal junction.
A follow up esophagram
and gastrogram were performed through the nasogastric tube, and showed no gastroesophageal leak (Figure 4).
was recommended as a primary diagnostic method in previous years; however, development of CT and MRI technology has improved patient diagnostics and thus, barium esophagram
is no longer required before proceeding with VR repair.
(8) The diagnosis of achalasia includes manometry, barium esophagram
, and upper endoscopy.
was subsequently performed, and demonstrated a fistulous connection between the esophagus and the left mainstem bronchus (Figures 1 and 2).
It can be diagnosed by a barium esophagram
or upper endoscopy, showing a pulsating compression of the posterior wall [5, 6], or by imaging of the aortic arch with computed tomography (CT) angiography or magnetic resonance (MR) angiography.