espalier


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es·pal·ier

 (ĭ-spăl′yər, -yā′)
n.
1. A tree or shrub that is trained to grow in a flat plane against a wall or trellis, often in a symmetrical pattern.
2. A trellis or other framework on which an espalier is grown.
tr.v. es·pal·iered, es·pal·ier·ing, es·pal·iers
1. To train as or on an espalier.
2. To provide with an espalier.

[French, from Italian spalliera, shoulder support, from spalla, shoulder, from Late Latin spatula, shoulder blade, from Latin; see spatula.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

espalier

(ɪˈspæljə)
n
1. (Horticulture) an ornamental shrub or fruit tree that has been trained to grow flat, as against a wall
2. (Horticulture) the trellis, framework, or arrangement of stakes on which such plants are trained
3. (Horticulture) the method used to produce such plants
vb
(Horticulture) (tr) to train (a plant) on an espalier
[C17: from French: trellis, from Old Italian: shoulder supports, from spalla shoulder, from Late Latin spatula]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

es•pal•ier

art at esquire
(ɪˈspæl yər, -yeɪ)

n.
1. a trellis or framework on which the trunk and branches of fruit trees or shrubs are trained to grow in one plane.
2. a plant so trained.
v.t.
3. to train on an espalier.
4. to furnish with an espalier.
[1655–65; < French, Middle French: trellis < Italian spalliera back rest, espalier]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

espalier


Past participle: espaliered
Gerund: espaliering

Imperative
espalier
espalier
Present
I espalier
you espalier
he/she/it espaliers
we espalier
you espalier
they espalier
Preterite
I espaliered
you espaliered
he/she/it espaliered
we espaliered
you espaliered
they espaliered
Present Continuous
I am espaliering
you are espaliering
he/she/it is espaliering
we are espaliering
you are espaliering
they are espaliering
Present Perfect
I have espaliered
you have espaliered
he/she/it has espaliered
we have espaliered
you have espaliered
they have espaliered
Past Continuous
I was espaliering
you were espaliering
he/she/it was espaliering
we were espaliering
you were espaliering
they were espaliering
Past Perfect
I had espaliered
you had espaliered
he/she/it had espaliered
we had espaliered
you had espaliered
they had espaliered
Future
I will espalier
you will espalier
he/she/it will espalier
we will espalier
you will espalier
they will espalier
Future Perfect
I will have espaliered
you will have espaliered
he/she/it will have espaliered
we will have espaliered
you will have espaliered
they will have espaliered
Future Continuous
I will be espaliering
you will be espaliering
he/she/it will be espaliering
we will be espaliering
you will be espaliering
they will be espaliering
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been espaliering
you have been espaliering
he/she/it has been espaliering
we have been espaliering
you have been espaliering
they have been espaliering
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been espaliering
you will have been espaliering
he/she/it will have been espaliering
we will have been espaliering
you will have been espaliering
they will have been espaliering
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been espaliering
you had been espaliering
he/she/it had been espaliering
we had been espaliering
you had been espaliering
they had been espaliering
Conditional
I would espalier
you would espalier
he/she/it would espalier
we would espalier
you would espalier
they would espalier
Past Conditional
I would have espaliered
you would have espaliered
he/she/it would have espaliered
we would have espaliered
you would have espaliered
they would have espaliered
Collins English Verb Tables © HarperCollins Publishers 2011

espalier


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A pruning and training method of fruit trees where the main stem is trained vertically with branches either side trained horizontally to form evenly spaced layers in a single plane.
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.espalier - a trellis on which ornamental shrub or fruit tree is trained to grow flat
treillage, trellis - latticework used to support climbing plants
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations

espalier

[ɪˈspəeljəʳ] Nespaldar m
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

espalier

nSpalier nt; (= tree)Spalierbaum m; (method) → Anbau mvon Spalierobst
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007
References in classic literature ?
She went, however; and when they reached the farm, and she was to be put down, at the end of the broad, neat gravel walk, which led between espalier appletrees to the front door, the sight of every thing which had given her so much pleasure the autumn before, was beginning to revive a little local agitation; and when they parted, Emma observed her to be looking around with a sort of fearful curiosity, which determined her not to allow the visit to exceed the proposed quarter of an hour.
Once a kite, hovering over the garden, made a stoop at me, and if I had not resolutely drawn my hanger, and run under a thick espalier, he would have certainly carried me away in his talons.
The soldier seated himself on a worm-eaten bench, and saw neither the trellis-work nor the espaliers, nor the vegetables of which Jacquotte took such great care.
While this monument was under inspection our interesting couple had the house to themselves, and they spent some time on a pretty terrace where certain windows of the second floor opened--a little rootless verandah which overhung, in a manner, obliquely, all the magnificence of the view; the immense sweep of the river, the artistic plantations, the last-century garden with its big box hedges and remains of old espaliers. They lingered here for nearly half an hour, and it was in this retirement that Vogelstein enjoyed the only approach to intimate conversation appointed for him, as was to appear, with a young woman in whom he had been unable to persuade himself that he was not absorbed.
| FINISH pruning apples trees that are fan, cordon or espalier.
When the weather is dry, take care of any paint jobs Harvest onions | FINISH pruning apples trees that are fan, cordon or espalier.
It is available as a compact upright tree or as an espalier form that can be trained against a wall or fence.
| Finish pruning apple trees that are fan, cordon or espalier.
the young teen saving the recalcitrant stallion, the espalier of barn
Espalier Fruit Trees: For Wall, Hedge, and Pergola: Installation, Shaping, Care
The real fun starts with trellising (espalier), where trees are trained to grow on a two-dimensional plane to save space.