esparto

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es·par·to

 (ĭ-spär′tō)
n. pl. es·par·tos
Either of two tough, wiry grasses (Stipa tenacissima or Lygeum spartum) of northern Africa and southern Europe, yielding fiber used in making paper and as cordage.

[Spanish, from Latin spartum, from Greek sparton, rope.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

esparto

(ɛˈspɑːtəʊ) or

esparto grass

n, pl -tos
(Plants) any of various grasses, esp Stipa tenacissima of S Europe and N Africa, that yield a fibre used to make ropes, mats, etc. Also called: halfa
[C18: from Spanish, via Latin from Greek sparton rope made of rushes, from spartos a kind of rush]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

es•par•to

(ɪˈspɑr toʊ)

n., pl. -tos.
any of several grasses, esp. Stipa tenacissima, of S Europe and N Africa, used for making paper, cordage, etc.
Also called espar′to grass`.
[1585–95; < Sp < Latin spartum < Greek spárton rope made of spártos kind of rush]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
Translations

esparto

[eˈspɑːtəʊ] Nesparto m
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The subdesert steppes of northern Africa, for example, are dominated by species of perennial grass, among them two esparto grasses (Stipa tenacissima and Lygeum spartum) that have played an important role in craft production of basket and mats in the region, and also in some areas of the Mediterranean Basin, where this tradition still survives, though not as vigorously as in the past.