essential hypertension


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Noun1.essential hypertension - persistent and pathological high blood pressure for which no specific cause can be found
high blood pressure, hypertension - a common disorder in which blood pressure remains abnormally high (a reading of 140/90 mm Hg or greater)
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References in periodicals archive ?
The concept of childhood hypertension in paediatric practice and subsequent development of essential hypertension in adult has changed significantly during the past two decades.
Known etiological factors for essential hypertension include obesity, insulin resistance, stress, sedentary lifestyle, high alcohol intake, smoking, high salt intake, and aging.
The aetiology of essential hypertension is complex, and by definition it has no obvious cause such as renal, adrenal or vascular disease.
Result: Of the 80 patients, 72(90%) were diagnosed with essential hypertension and 8(10%) with primary hyperaldosteronism.
Material and Methods: One hundred and eighty patients diagnosed with essential hypertension fulfilling the inclusion criteria were included in study using consecutive non-probability sampling after taking informed consent.
Endothelial dysfunction in salt-sensitive essential hypertension. Hypertension 2001; 37: 444-8.
According to the results of many epidemiological studies, genetic components mediate the formation of essential hypertension. Experimental studies in recent years have shown that the B2R gene has a protective role against the development of hypertension and cardiovascular pathology (45-47).
Essential hypertension (EH), which accounts for 90% of hypertensive cases, is a polygenic and multifactorial disease caused by the interaction of genetic determinants and environmental factors [8, 9].
In addition to these animal data, studies conducted in patients with primary aldosteronism [10] or essential hypertension [11] provided evidence that long-term exposure to inappropriately elevated aldosterone leads to a variety of organ sequelae occurring beyond what could be expected from the increase in blood pressure.
Therefore, we have compared ACE inhibitors either alone or in combination with statins in essential hypertension in a tertiary care teaching hospital at Dehradun, Uttarakhand.
Combined analysis of genetic and environmental factors on essential hypertension in a Brazilian rural population in the Amazon region.

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