He argues that the methods are not the problem, but rather that the researcher's ontologies essentialize
children and their actions (30).
We see how the investors are employing the rhetoric of a timeless Africa to essentialize
local people and citizens into ethnic subjects, denying Maasai their political agency as people in pursuit of their livelihoods.
It is still debated, whether these forms of racism, which essentialize
cultural characteristics, reduce human groups on homogeneous, one-dimensional collectivities and absolutize ethnicity and cultural differences, represent actually another phenomenon, or merely different manifestations, with different stresses and accentuations, of the same "old/ classical" racism.
Much psychological research into bias has focused on how people "essentialize
" certain categories, which boils down to assuming that these categories have an underlying nature that is tied to inherent and immutable qualities.
Among the Jewish and Christian contributors, all experienced in Jewish Christian dialogue, there tends to be not only an understandable apprehension about the ability of Muslims to engage productively with Jews and Christians, but also a marked tendency to essentialize
Islam and a kind of hubris about their own religious superiority vis-a-vis Islam that inevitably thwarts true dialogue.
"One idea is that I want to essentialize
the elements of the story to their psychology--it's such a dark and beautiful story," Bloom enthuses, elaborating on aspects of the original Peter Pan tale that Disney subsequently watered down.
The title of Opie's recent exhibition of forty-five photographs at Gladstone Gallery, "Girlfriends," does appear to essentialize
, however, to make unambiguous many of the posers' "clearly" ambiguous relations to gender.
judges that the supporters of democracy, such as John Dewey, Jeffrey Stout, John Rawls, Paul Gilroy, Slavoj Zizek, and John Milbank, essentialize
secular ideals of, for example, justice, law, or human rights into the substance of democracy.
In spite of his desire to avoid an essentializing "universalism," Frankfurter makes what I believe are at least one-sided, if not mistaken, claims, inspired by the very assumptions and techniques of modern psychoanalysis: a tendency to treat complex social groups and even whole societies as if they were individuals; to essentialize
social phenomena or constructions ("cannibalism," for instance) as essences existing intrinsically in all humans; and to universalize a single "explanation" of the phenomenon across history and different cultures (see the quotation about cannibalism above).
They find their way around the postmodern reluctance to essentialize
or universalize woman, while still holding to some notion of universal human rights.
This "map" that the author refers to has been used in intellectual history to essentialize
gender and valorize hegemonic constructions of masculinity, and to repeat it without demonstrating the challenges to it, more or less, rehearses that hegemony anew.