Commentators most frequently call attention to the ways in which the Drageoir prefigures later aspects of Huysmans' style, first his naturalist and then his estheticist
47) The objet petit a is for Lacan not the object of desire (which in Philostratus would be the boy and the youths to whom he speaks, or the works of art themselves in an estheticist
and antierotic reading) but the object-causing-desire.
Gessel (1993) points out, Tanizaki's career can be divided into three periods: the first ends in 1928 and shows a marked influence from the western estheticist
and decadent movements; in the second period, Tanizaki became increasingly interested in the Japanese past and its literature--he spent several years translating the eleventh-century Heian masterpiece, The Tale of Genji, into modern Japanese, an achievement which earned him election to the Japan Academy of Art; the fiction of his final period returns to his own time for its settings.
Ramakrishnan's recent description of Malayalam writing using the Marxist John Berger's distinction between estheticist
high modernists and radical avant-gardists, where Satchidanandan sees two phases of the latter.
While Joyce's objections to the politics of the Irish Revival led some contemporary readers to label him an estheticist (placing art above the quotidian concerns of politics or morality), Joyce actually dramatizes both the nationalist and the estheticist points of view in his draft version of the novel, Stephen Hero, and in Portrait itself, in such a way as to declare his subtle differences from both and to mark out a national politics that informs his esthetic approach.
Stephen's desire to take language lessons to pursue the pleasures of a love affair would seem to mark him as an estheticist, but his position is actually slightly more complicated.
Without being exclusionary on narrowly estheticist
or culturally elitist grounds, an enterprising academic anthology could broaden the usual canon with such widely recognized recent achievers as Meena Alexander and Vikram Seth, but probably not those slighter new voices Paranjape also adds: Agha Shahid Ali, Manohar Shetty, and Imtiaz Darkher.