etch


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etch

 (ĕch)
v. etched, etch·ing, etch·es
v.tr.
1.
a. To cut into the surface of (glass, for example) by the action of acid, especially by coating the surface with wax or another protective layer and drawing lines with a needle and then using the acid to form the lines on the unprotected parts of the surface.
b. To make or create by this method: etch a design on glass.
2.
a. To draw or write by cutting or scraping: etched his initials in the metal.
b. To cut or scrape something in or on: etched the metal with a knife.
3. To impress or delineate clearly: a landscape that is forever etched in my memory; trees that are etched against the sky.
v.intr.
To engage in etching.

[Dutch etsen, from German ätzen, from Middle High German etzen, from Old High German ezzen, to eat; see ed- in Indo-European roots.]

etch′er n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

etch

(ɛtʃ)
vb
1. (Chemistry) (tr) to wear away the surface of (a metal, glass, etc) by chemical action, esp the action of an acid
2. (Crafts) to cut or corrode (a design, decoration, etc) on (a metal or other plate to be used for printing) by using the action of acid on parts not covered by wax or other acid-resistant coating
3. (tr) to cut with or as if with a sharp implement: he etched his name on the table.
4. (tr; usually passive) to imprint vividly: the event was etched on her memory.
[C17: from Dutch etsen, from Old High German azzen to feed, bite]
ˈetcher n
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

etch

(ɛtʃ)

v.t.
1. to engrave with an acid or the like, as to form a design in furrows that when charged with ink will give an impression on paper.
2. to produce (a design, image, etc.) by this method, as on copper or glass.
3. to outline clearly or sharply; delineate.
4. to fix or imprint firmly: His face is etched in my memory.
v.i.
5. to practice the art of etching.
[1625–35; < Dutch etsen < German ätzen to etch, orig. cause to eat; c. Old English ettan to graze; akin to eat]
etch′er, n.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

etch


Past participle: etched
Gerund: etching

Imperative
etch
etch
Present
I etch
you etch
he/she/it etches
we etch
you etch
they etch
Preterite
I etched
you etched
he/she/it etched
we etched
you etched
they etched
Present Continuous
I am etching
you are etching
he/she/it is etching
we are etching
you are etching
they are etching
Present Perfect
I have etched
you have etched
he/she/it has etched
we have etched
you have etched
they have etched
Past Continuous
I was etching
you were etching
he/she/it was etching
we were etching
you were etching
they were etching
Past Perfect
I had etched
you had etched
he/she/it had etched
we had etched
you had etched
they had etched
Future
I will etch
you will etch
he/she/it will etch
we will etch
you will etch
they will etch
Future Perfect
I will have etched
you will have etched
he/she/it will have etched
we will have etched
you will have etched
they will have etched
Future Continuous
I will be etching
you will be etching
he/she/it will be etching
we will be etching
you will be etching
they will be etching
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been etching
you have been etching
he/she/it has been etching
we have been etching
you have been etching
they have been etching
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been etching
you will have been etching
he/she/it will have been etching
we will have been etching
you will have been etching
they will have been etching
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been etching
you had been etching
he/she/it had been etching
we had been etching
you had been etching
they had been etching
Conditional
I would etch
you would etch
he/she/it would etch
we would etch
you would etch
they would etch
Past Conditional
I would have etched
you would have etched
he/she/it would have etched
we would have etched
you would have etched
they would have etched
Collins English Verb Tables © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.etch - make an etching of; "He etched her image into the surface"
artistic creation, artistic production, art - the creation of beautiful or significant things; "art does not need to be innovative to be good"; "I was never any good at art"; "he said that architecture is the art of wasting space beautifully"
print - make into a print; "print the negative"
aquatint - etch in aquatint
2.etch - cause to stand out or be clearly defined or visible; "a face etched with pain"; "the leafless branches etched against the sky"
show - make visible or noticeable; "She showed her talent for cooking"; "Show me your etchings, please"
3.etch - carve or cut into a block used for printing or print from such a block; "engrave a letter"
artistic creation, artistic production, art - the creation of beautiful or significant things; "art does not need to be innovative to be good"; "I was never any good at art"; "he said that architecture is the art of wasting space beautifully"
print - make into a print; "print the negative"
benday - reproduce by the Benday process
stipple - engrave by means of dots and flicks
4.etch - carve or cut a design or letters into; "engrave the pen with the owner's name"
chip at, carve - engrave or cut by chipping away at a surface; "carve one's name into the bark"
engrave, inscribe, grave, scratch - carve, cut, or etch into a material or surface; "engrave a pen"; "engraved the trophy cupt with the winner's"; "the lovers scratched their names into the bark of the tree"
5.etch - selectively dissolve the surface of (a semiconductor or printed circuit) with a solvent, laser, or stream of electrons
dissolve - cause to fade away; "dissolve a shot or a picture"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.

etch

verb
1. engrave, cut, impress, stamp, carve, imprint, inscribe, furrow, incise, ingrain a simple band of heavy gold etched with runes
2. corrode, eat into, burn into The acid etched holes in the surface.
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002

etch

verb
1. To cut (a design or inscription) into a hard surface, especially for printing:
2. To produce a deep impression of:
The American Heritage® Roget's Thesaurus. Copyright © 2013, 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Translations
يَحْفُر على المَعْدَن
ætseindgravereradere
æta
ėsdintiišėsdinti
asētkodināt
leptať
hâkketmekoymak

etch

[etʃ] VTgrabar al aguafuerte (fig) → grabar
it is etched on my memory foreverlo tengo grabado para siempre en mi memoria
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

etch

[ˈɛtʃ] vt
[+ design] → graver à l'eau-forte
to etch sth on sth [+ design] → graver qch à l'eau-forte sur qch
(fig)
It is etched on my memory → C'est gravé dans ma mémoire.
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

etch

viätzen; (in copper) → in Kupfer stechen; (in other metals) → radieren
vtätzen; (in copper) → in Kupfer stechen; (in other metals) → radieren; the windows were etched with the vehicle registration numberdas Autokennzeichen war in die Scheiben eingeätzt; the event was etched on her minddas Ereignis hatte sich ihr ins Gedächtnis eingegraben
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

etch

[ɛtʃ] vtincidere all'acquaforte
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

etch

(etʃ) verb
to make (designs) on metal, glass etc using an acid to eat out the lines.
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.
References in classic literature ?
In 'My Last Duchess' sixty lines suffice to etch into our memories with incredible completeness and clearness two striking characters, an interesting situation, and the whole of a life's tragedy.
He had published a tragedy entitled, "The Patriot Martyrs," with an etched frontispiece by Sir Charles, and an edition of it had been speedily disposed of in presentations to the friends of the artist and poet, and to the reviews and newspapers.
He set his teeth and read on; he tried desperately to concentrate his attention; the sentences etched themselves in his brain by the force of his effort, but they were distorted by the agony he was enduring.
I had described to them how the savages had tattooed David's father, and Oliver informed me that one night shortly afterward David was discovered softly lifting the blankets off his father's legs to have a look at the birds and reptiles etched thereon.
Rebecca's eyes were like faith,-- "the substance of things hoped for, the evidence of things not seen." Under her delicately etched brows they glowed like two stars, their dancing lights half hidden in lustrous darkness.
* the wafer is cleaned with piranha solution ([H.sub.2]S[O.sub.2] : [H.sub.2][O.sub.2]) to remove the bulk polymer as well as etch residuals.
(NASDAQ: LRCX), a major global supplier of innovative wafer fabrication equipment and services to the semiconductor industry, today announced it has shipped the 100th Syndion(R) module for deep silicon etch applications, including CMOS image sensors (CIS), interposers, and through-silicon vias (TSVs).
The restoration process mostly utilizes resin composites that normally retain micro- mechanically to the etched enamel surfaces, in spite of the expected difficulty to etch the hypermineralized, fluorosed enamel.
In the fabrication of flat panel displays, [SF.sub.6] is used to etch various thin films.
This etching is such that, for the finest structures, the minimum photoresist does not provide a sufficient etch channel.
"We were one of the first companies to etch titanium, so we jumped into that business," said Mr.
Pradeep Menon, who owns The Dark Arts, The Tattoo Studio, points out that it is challenging to etch the tattoo of company logos because of the skin complexion of Indians.