Dominated by a fierce dedication to the problem of the racial ethnogeny of Portugal, he wrote and published prolifically on archaeology, social hygiene, eugenics, education, and criminology, always with reference to metropolitan populations.
As a rule this international visibility was reserved for studies on the archaeology and ethnogeny of Portugal and the Iberian Peninsula; rarely did French anthropology take note of Portuguese racial research on overseas territories.
However, Ceausescu has inreasingly switched the Roman historical mythology toward the Dacian element in Romanian ethnogeny and he did so for ideological and propagandist rather than for scientific reasons.
168: "In spite of the controversies on the Dacian versus Roman clement predominating in the process of Romanian ethnogeny, the patriotic propaganda strain appears contunally linked to the personality cult staged around Ceuasescu, who is presented as the embodiment of Dacian and Roman virtues alike, raised to a higher communist level."
It describes Cardoso's strong involvement in a programme of anthropology as an attempt to regenerate the nation and unveil the ethnogeny of Portugal.
He could move from his planned programme of national ethnogeny to Topinard's recommended study of the savage races on earth, particularly those under risk of extinction by colonial contact with European civilization and conquest--as would be those so-called 'terrible' Ranes and tribal people of Satari.
Ethnologists, philologists and archaeologists remained exclusively focused on problems of national ethnogeny, automatically relegating colonial ethnological issues to the periphery of an emergent expertise--a 'periphery', by contrast, which gave more respect to the practical life of colonial officials, the military, or missionaries than to the community of ethnologists in Portugal.
(67) In his article, Rocha Peixoto addressed an audience of military readers and argued vehemently for the institutionalization of scientific anthropometry in the Portuguese army as a means of developing the anthropological study of the Portuguese, expand knowledge of ethnogeny and elevate a decaying national consciousness.