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The branch of anthropology that analyzes and compares human cultures, as in social structure, language, religion, and technology; cultural anthropology.

eth′no·log′ic (ĕth′nə-lŏj′ĭk), eth′no·log′i·cal adj.
eth′no·log′i·cal·ly adv.
eth·nol′o·gist n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
Lord Howe belongs to the Solomons neither geographically nor ethnologically. It is an atoll, while the Solomons are high islands; and its people and language are Polynesian, while the inhabitants of the Solomons are Melanesian.
"I know that you and Henry Field can carry out this project unofficially, exploratorially, ethnologically, racially, admixturally, miscegenationally, confidentially and, above all, budgetarily," FDR wrote to Carter in a secret memo authorizing the plan in July 1942.
The acute lymphoblastic leukemia cases were gathered from Children's hospital while controls were extraneous subjects but ethnologically accorded and healthy individuals from the general populace.
to provide the proper guidance with respect to opportunities for employment and the problems of adjustment usually encountered in environments which are ethnologically alien.
"The Claims of the Negro Ethnologically Considered." African-American Social and Political Thought, 1850-1920.
This double emphasis continues with the ethnologically framed adaptation of Edward Lane in the nineteenth century.
(102) Congress may further sub-divide the political legal entity of the tribe into smaller bands for purposes of negotiation and agreement, but these smaller units, while ethnologically part of a larger tribe, are considered separate "tribes" for the purpose of holding the particular treaty rights.
In Claims of the Negro Ethnologically Considered, Douglass proved to his audience that anatomically and craniologically the similarities between the Negro and the White race far outweighed the differences.
This emerge of an ethnologically focused research is essential to the well-being of our society given the long history of research reflecting clear racial and ethnic differences in mortality rates, morbidity risks, physician encounters and health outcomes across the life course (Sternthal, Slopen, & Williams, 2011; Gornick, 2002; Howard, Anderson, Russell, Howard & Burke, 2000; NCHS, 1998; Hummer, 1996; Williams & Collins, 1995; Kitagowa, 1977).
The purpose of the critique is to demonstrate that the direct-historical approach to analogy is an improper means for interpreting kinship and to propose that investigation of Maya kinship look to cross-cultural ethnologically confirmed material indicators of kinship behavior used in other regions, an approach has largely been ignored in Maya archaeology.
In "The Claims of the Negro Ethnologically Considered," Douglass evoked Combe's Constitution of Man as a pragmatic tool for African Americans to use to combat the dangerous scientific racism of Nott and Gliddon's Types of Mankind.
I think that they are etymologically identical, thus ethnologically related.