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 (ĭ-thŏl′ə-jē, ē-thŏl′-)
1. The scientific study of animal behavior, especially as it occurs in a natural environment.
2. The study of human ethos and its formation.

[French éthologie, from Latin ēthologia, art of depicting character, from Greek ēthologiā : ēthos, character; see ethos + logos, speech, expression; see -logy.]

eth′o·log′i·cal (ĕth′ə-lŏj′ĭ-kəl) adj.
e·thol′o·gist n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(Zoology) the study of the behaviour of animals in their normal environment
[C17 (in the obsolete sense: mimicry): via Latin from Greek ēthologia, from ēthos character; current sense, C19]
ethological, ˌethoˈlogic adj
ˌethoˈlogically adv
eˈthologist n
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(iˈθɒl ə dʒi, ɪˈθɒl-)

the study of animal behavior with emphasis on the patterns that occur in natural environments.
[1895–1900; earlier, as the study of relations between an organism and its environment < French éthologie,; see ethos]
e•tho•log•i•cal (ˌi θəˈlɒdʒ ɪ kəl, ˌɛθ ə-) adj.
e`tho•log′i•cal•ly, adv.
e•thol′o•gist, n.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.


the science proposed by John Stuart MUI for the study of the character formation in humans. — ethologic, ethological, adj.
See also: Mankind
the study of animal behavior in relation to habitat. — ethologist, n. — ethological, adj.
See also: Animals
-Ologies & -Isms. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


1. The branch of zoology that deals with animals in their normal environment.
2. Study of animal behavior.
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.ethology - the branch of zoology that studies the behavior of animals in their natural habitats
zoological science, zoology - the branch of biology that studies animals
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.


Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007
References in periodicals archive ?
De Waal holds that in one form or another, most 20th-century animal researchers swallowed whole the corollary and essentially Cartesian view that animals are "dumb automatons." Scientists in the behaviorist school studied animals in cages, viewing them as "stimulus-response machines out to obtain rewards and avoid punishment." Their contemporaries, ethologists, studied animals in their natural environments but also viewed them "as robots genetically endowed with useful instincts" (4).
(9) As Greg Garrard indicates, however, some ethologists do use the term "culture" in the context of animal behavior: "Without minimising the evident differences from human cultures, ethologists are content to use the term 'culture' to describe non-genetically transmitted behaviour such as the varied hunting practices of the orca or regional differences in primate tool-making and social interaction" (157).
If we ask what possesses this property, the common answer would be persons, but if you pay attention to the ethologists, what has consciousness may be most--or perhaps all--other living organisms as well.
Ricard also draws on his expertise as a scientist (he has a PhD in molecular genetics), and he provides a remarkably far-ranging and comprehensive survey of thought and research on animals from anthropologists, ethicists, ethologists, historians, and even novelists.
Her considerations are widely informed by recent animal studies, from such well-known researchers as Jane Goodall, Barbara Smuts, Frans De Waal and Mark Bekoff, as well as ethologists from particular regions of Africa, and work on biology of cognition and biosocial forces by Humberto Maturana and Gerda Verden-Zoller.
The ethologists from Europe were products of a long tradition (begun in the early 20th century, distinguished by the Nobel Prize given to Karl von Frisch, Konrad Lorenz, and Nikolaas Tinbergen in 1974) that already had done some remarkable studies on insects and birds in Europe, but had become, perhaps, overly attached to the idea of instinct as the central element underlying most animal behavior.
This practice is recognized today by many ecologists, ethologists, and philosophers who suggest that "an anthropomorphic element in perception can uncover a whole world of resonances and resemblances ...
Editor Marc Bekoff is cofounder, with Goodall, of Ethologists for the Ethical Treatment of Animals: Citizens for Responsible Animal Behavior Studies.
Fortunately, studies have shown what ethologists and educated dog trainers have long claimed: that a dog's "guilty" (appeasement) behavior is dependent on the human's body language, not on what the dog did--or didn't do.
A theoretical and comprehensive explanation of catharsis is found in the hydraulic model developed by German ethologists (see e.g., Lorenz, 1950), in which an analogy is made between aggression and fluid in a cup.
Newsletter of the International Association of Fish Ethologists 5: 24-26.
The book is brimming with examples of captivating exotic animal behavior, of the sort most often studied by naturalists or ethologists, such as the behavior of cricket wasps (p.