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n. pl. et·y·mons or et·y·ma (-mə)
1. An earlier form of a word in the same language or in an ancestor language. For example, Indo-European *duwo and Old English twā are etymons of Modern English two.
2. A word or morpheme from which compounds and derivatives are formed.
3. A foreign word from which a particular loan word is derived. For example, Latin duo, "two," is an etymon of English duodecimal.

[Latin, from Greek etumon, true sense of a word, from neuter of etumos, true.]


n, pl -mons or -ma (-mə)
(Phonetics & Phonology) a form of a word or morpheme, usually the earliest recorded form or a reconstructed form, from which another word or morpheme is derived: the etymon of English "ewe" is Indo-European "*owi"
[C16: via Latin, from Greek etumon basic meaning, from etumos true, actual]


(ˈɛt əˌmɒn)

n., pl. -mons, -ma (-mə)
the linguistic form from which another form is historically derived, as the Latin word cor “heart,” which is the etymon of English cordial, or the Indo-European base *ḱ(e)rd-, which is the etymon of Latin cor, Greek kardía, Russian serdtse, and English heart.
[1560–70; < Latin: the origin of a word < Greek étymon the essential meaning of a word seen in its origin or traced to its grammatical parts, neuter of étymos true, actual, real]


A form of a word from which another word has been derived.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.etymon - a simple form inferred as the common basis from which related words in several languages can be derived by linguistic processes
descriptor, form, signifier, word form - the phonological or orthographic sound or appearance of a word that can be used to describe or identify something; "the inflected forms of a word can be represented by a stem and a list of inflections to be attached"


[ˈetɪmɒn] N (etymons, etyma (pl)) [ˈetɪmə]étimo m
References in periodicals archive ?
Une theorie de l'organisation du lexique des langues semitiques: Matrices et etymons.
Les etymons en arabe: Analyse formelle et semantique.
For example, sa'aba 'to collect, disperse' presumably goes back to the etymons {s, '} 'to disperse' and {'.
Like the Jesus prayer, which may be expressed in any language, the formula "Namo Amitabha Buddha", though based on Sanskrit etymons, has different versions in different languages, and in contrast to Hindu mantras, there is little attempt at retaining the original Sanskrit pronunciation, cf.
Die Bedeutung 'Kinn; Kiefer' hilft die Herkunft des russischen Etymons [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII.
It seems likely that the increase in popularity of the form -tion may be motivated by the general classicising trend in Early Modern English, which consisted in making words look closer to their Latin etymons.