Also found in: Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to euphorbia: Euphorbia milii


See spurge.

[Middle English euforbia, from Latin euphorbea, after Euphorbus, first-century ad Greek physician.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(Plants) any plant of the genus Euphorbia, such as the spurges and poinsettia: family Euphorbiaceae
[C14 euforbia: from Latin euphorbea African plant named after Euphorbus, first-century ad Greek physician]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(yuˈfɔr bi ə)

n., pl. -bi•as.
any plant of the genus Euphorbia, comprising the spurges.
[1350–1400; Middle English euforbia « Latin euphorbea, an African plant named after Euphorbos, a Greek physician]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.euphorbia - type genus of the Euphorbiaceae: very large genus of diverse plants all having milky juiceEuphorbia - type genus of the Euphorbiaceae: very large genus of diverse plants all having milky juice
rosid dicot genus - a genus of dicotyledonous plants
Euphorbiaceae, family Euphorbiaceae, spurge family - a family of plants of order Geraniales
spurge - any of numerous plants of the genus Euphorbia; usually having milky often poisonous juice
caper spurge, Euphorbia lathyris, myrtle spurge, mole plant - poisonous Old World spurge; adventive in America; seeds yield a purgative oil
Euphorbia helioscopia, sun spurge, wartweed, wartwort, devil's milk - not unattractive European weed whose flowers turn toward the sun
devil's milk, Euphorbia peplus, petty spurge - an Old World spurge introduced as a weed in the eastern United States
Euphorbia caput-medusae, Euphorbia medusae, medusa's head - African dwarf succulent perennial shrub with numerous slender drooping branches
Euphorbia corollata, flowering spurge, tramp's spurge, wild spurge - common perennial United States spurge having showy white petallike bracts
Euphorbia marginata, ghost weed, snow-in-summer, snow-on-the-mountain - annual spurge of western United States having showy white-bracted flower clusters and very poisonous milk
cypress spurge, Euphorbia cyparissias - Old World perennial having foliage resembling cypress; naturalized as a weed in the United States
Euphorbia esula, leafy spurge, wolf's milk - tall European perennial naturalized and troublesome as a weed in eastern North America
Euphorbia hirsuta, hairy spurge - much-branched hirsute weed native to northeastern North America
Christmas flower, Christmas star, Euphorbia pulcherrima, lobster plant, Mexican flameleaf, poinsettia, painted leaf - tropical American plant having poisonous milk and showy tapering usually scarlet petallike leaves surrounding small yellow flowers
Euphorbia heterophylla, Japanese poinsettia, mole plant, paint leaf - showy poinsettia found from the southern United States to Peru
Euphorbia cyathophora, fire-on-the-mountain, Mexican fire plant, painted leaf - poinsettia of United States and eastern Mexico; often confused with Euphorbia heterophylla
Euphorbia amygdaloides, wood spurge - European perennial herb with greenish yellow terminal flower clusters
Euphorbia antisyphilitica, candelilla - wax-coated shrub of northern Mexico and southwestern United States
dwarf spurge, Euphorbia exigua - European erect or depressed annual weedy spurge adventive in northeastern United States
Euphorbia fulgens, scarlet plume - Mexican shrub often cultivated for its scarlet-bracted flowers
cactus euphorbia, Euphorbia ingens, naboom - small tree of dry open parts of southern Africa having erect angled branches suggesting candelabra
Christ plant, Christ thorn, Euphorbia milii, crown of thorns - somewhat climbing bushy spurge of Madagascar having long woody spiny stems with few leaves and flowers with scarlet bracts
Euphorbia dentata, toothed spurge - an annual weed of northeastern North America with dentate leaves
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in classic literature ?
Again, Euphorbia, a mundane or widely distributed genus, has here eight species, of which seven are confined to the archipelago, and not one found on any two islands: Acalypha and Borreria, both mundane genera, have respectively six and seven species, none of which have the same species on two islands, with the exception of one Borreria, which does occur on two islands.
I recognised some euphorbias, with the caustic sugar coming from them; heliotropes, quite incapable of justifying their name, sadly drooped their clusters of flowers, both their colour and perfume half gone.
The Euphorbia pulcherrima, its botanical name, is native to Mexico, named after the American Minister to Mexico, Joel Roberts Poinsett, who found the plant growing along a Mexican roadside in the 1820s.
Euphorbia pulcherrima is the botanical name for the poinsettia.
PLANT OF THE WEEK: Euphorbia griffithii FireglowIF you think your garden's too wet or too cold for euphorbias, look no further than Euphorbia griffithii Fireglow.
8:00 "The effect of caffeic acid on root cell membrane potentials in leafy spurge (Euphorbia esula L.)." Richard R.
Spininess is often associated with other xeromorphic adaptations such as succulence, also common among other plants of this scrubland, among them many species of Euphorbia and the family Asclepiadaceae.
The names of the new crops--cuphea, milkweed, and Euphorbia lagascae--aren't 20th century household words, but these wild plants may have a future as industrial crops in the next millennium.
Roseberg has spent six years studying Euphorbia lagascae, a plant which produces oily seeds filled with epoxy fatty acids, substances in high demand for the production of paint and other coatings.
Production and evaluation of indehiscent mutant genotypes in Euphorbia lagascae.