As he confronted his own terminal illness and impending death, Paul Ramsey wrote an essay entitled, "Should Physicians Hasten the Death Angel When She Pauses in her Flight?," in which he argued that the medical-ethical and biblical traditions, the normative centers of our moral system, absolutely condemn "the intention to cause death."(6) In his inimitable way he criticized both the active euthanasic modes of "strychnine, gun, and morphine" and the passive modes of withdrawing nutrition and hydration.
Just as physicians must not be accomplices to the modern euthanasic ritual we euphemistically call cost cutting, they must never open themselves to the currently widespread criticism that they cruelly prolong patients' dying.
(47.) For an English translation of the article, see Administration and Compounding of Euthanasic
Agents, The Hague (Royal Dutch Society for the Advancement of Pharmacy 1994), available at http://wweek.com/html/euthanasics.html.
In order to educate physicians and pharmacists regarding the requirements and recommendations for substances used in euthanasia, The Royal Dutch Society for the Advancement of Pharmacy designated a task force which issued the "Report on Euthanasic
Agents" in 1987.
In 1928, David Diaz's essay in Psiquis, a science and philosophy review, stated that if people lived in accordance with Nature's laws then they could "live a positive eugenic life and die a natural euthanasic
death" (Cleminson 1994 734).
(20.) It is interesting to note that a Dutch report, though perhaps somewhat dated, on drugs used in that country for physician-performed euthanasia states, "It is not possible to administer so much of [thiopental] that a lethal effect is guaranteed." Royal Dutch Society for the Advancement of Pharmacy, "Administration and Compounding of Euthanasic
Both books describe societies that are conformist, anti-intellectual, eugenic, and euthanasic
. The characters in This Perfect Day invoke Christ and Marx as they do Ford and Freud in Brave New World.
at 955 (citing Administration and Compounding of Euthanasic
Agents, The Hague (Royal Dutch Society for the Advancement of Pharmacy 1994), available at http://wweek.com/html/euthanasics.html).
De Castel's seemingly unendurable psychic pain and Tomassov's euthanasic
altruism (51) were C onrad's weakling secret sharers while he sought yet again to lay his ghosts.
He does this, and as a reward for his euthanasic
deed, he is given the undeveloped films.
(32.) ROYAL DUTCH SOC'Y FOR THE ADVANCEMENT OF PHARMACY, THE HAGUE, ADMINISTRATION AND COMPOUNDING OF EUTHANASIC
AGENTS [section] 2.2.1 (1994).
In "A Warrior's Soul" Tomassov's euthanasic
charity to de Castel originates in his worship of the treacherous salon icon Mine Leonie.