evaporation


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e·vap·o·rate

 (ĭ-văp′ə-rāt′)
v. e·vap·o·rat·ed, e·vap·o·rat·ing, e·vap·o·rates
v.tr.
1.
a. To convert or change into a vapor.
b. To draw off in the form of vapor.
2. To draw moisture from, as by heating, leaving only the dry solid portion.
3. To deposit (a metal) on a substrate by vacuum sublimation.
v.intr.
1.
a. To change into vapor.
b. To pass off in or as vapor.
2. To produce vapor.
3. To disappear; vanish: Our fears at last evaporated. See Synonyms at disappear.

[Middle English evaporaten, from Latin ēvapōrāre, ēvapōrāt- : ē-, ex-, ex- + vapor, steam.]

e·vap′o·ra′tion n.
e·vap′o·ra′tive adj.
e·vap′o·ra′tive·ly adv.
e·vap′o·ra·tiv′i·ty (-ərə-tĭv′ĭ-tē) n.
e·vap′o·ra′tor n.
click for a larger image
evaporation
On the left is a beaker filled with cool water. On the right, as the water is heated, molecules in the liquid vibrate and move apart. Molecules on the surface of the liquid will escape as vapor.

e·vap·o·ra·tion

(ĭ-văp′ə-rā′shən)
The change of a liquid into a vapor at a temperature below the boiling point.

evaporation

1. The process in which a liquid changes state to vapor. It can occur at any temperature up to the boiling point of the liquid.
2. Conversion of a liquid to a vapor, below its boiling point.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.evaporation - the process of becoming a vaporevaporation - the process of becoming a vapor  
boiling - the application of heat to change something from a liquid to a gas
clouding, clouding up - the process whereby water particles become visible in the sky
phase change, phase transition, physical change, state change - a change from one state (solid or liquid or gas) to another without a change in chemical composition
smoke, smoking - a hot vapor containing fine particles of carbon being produced by combustion; "the fire produced a tower of black smoke that could be seen for miles"
2.evaporation - the process of extracting moisture
extraction - the process of obtaining something from a mixture or compound by chemical or physical or mechanical means
freeze-drying, lyophilisation, lyophilization - a method of drying food or blood plasma or pharmaceuticals or tissue without destroying their physical structure; material is frozen and then warmed in a vacuum so that the ice sublimes
inspissation - the process of thickening by dehydration
plastination - a process involving fixation and dehydration and forced impregnation and hardening of biological tissues; water and lipids are replaced by curable polymers (silicone or epoxy or polyester) that are subsequently hardened; "the plastination of specimens is valuable for research and teaching"

evaporation

noun
1. vaporization, vanishing, disappearance, dispelling, dissolution, fading away, melting away, dispersal, dissipation, evanescence, dematerialization The cooling effect is caused by the evaporation of sweat on the skin.
2. drying up, drying, dehydration, desiccation, vaporization an increase in evaporation of both lake and ground water

evaporation

noun
The act or an example of passing out of sight:
Translations
تَبَخُّر، تَبْخير
fordampningkondensering
haihtuminenhöyry
elpárolgáspárolgás
uppgufun
vyparovanie
buharlaşma

evaporation

[ɪˌvæpəˈreɪʃən] Nevaporación f

evaporation

[ɪˌvæpəˈreɪʃən] n
[liquid] → évaporation f
(= disappearance) → disparition f

evaporation

nVerdampfung f, → Verdampfen nt; (fig)Schwinden nt

evaporation

[ɪˌvæpəˈreɪʃn] nevaporazione f

evaporate

(iˈvӕpəreit) verb
to (cause to) change into vapour and disappear. The small pool of water evaporated in the sunshine; His enthusiasm soon evaporated.
eˈvaporated adjective
having had some moisture removed by evaporation. evaporated milk.
eˌvapoˈration noun

e·vap·o·ra·tion

n. evaporación, conversión de un estado líquido a vapor.
References in classic literature ?
Continue the boiling and evaporation until the intensity of the flavor and aroma of the coffee and chicory has been diminished to a proper degree; then set aside to cool.
Instead of flooding the surface of the fields, and thus wasting immense quantities of water by evaporation, the precious liquid is carried underground through a vast network of small pipes directly to the roots of the vegetation.
They also heated a distilling apparatus, which, by evaporation, furnished excellent drinkable water.
The high trees that were growing on the very verge of the wheel-tracks excluded the sun’s rays, unless at meridian; and the slowness of the evaporation, united with the rich mould of vegetable decomposition that covered the whole country to the depth of several inches, occasioned but an indifferent foundation for the footing of travellers.
Or evaporation might preserve an equilibrium," remarked Challenger, and the two learned men wandered off into one of their usual scientific arguments, which were as comprehensible as Chinese to the layman.
But melons are not very nutritious, and when we had satisfied our thirst with their pulpy substance, and put a stock to cool by the simple process of cutting them in two and setting them end on in the hot sun to grow cold by evaporation, we began to feel exceedingly hungry.
It is the evaporation from the big lagoons--there are so many of them," McCoy explained.
But," continued Nicholl, "Before becoming the earth's satellite, could not the moon, when in her perihelion, pass so near the sun as by evaporation to get rid of all those gaseous substances?
Rio de Janeiro -- Excursion north of Cape Frio -- Great Evaporation -- Slavery -- Botofogo Bay -- Terrestrial Planariae -- Clouds on the Corcovado -- Heavy Rain -- Musical Frogs -- Phosphorescent Insects -- Elater, springing powers of -- Blue Haze -- Noise made by a Butterfly -- Entomology -- Ants -- Wasp killing a Spider -- Parasitical Spider -- Artifices of an Epeira -- Gregarious Spider -- Spider with an unsymmetrical Web.
It is a clear and deep green well, half a mile long and a mile and three quarters in circumference, and contains about sixty-one and a half acres; a perennial spring in the midst of pine and oak woods, without any visible inlet or outlet except by the clouds and evaporation.
Towards the distant line of Italian coast, indeed, it was a little relieved by light clouds of mist, slowly rising from the evaporation of the sea, but it softened nowhere else.
Already, at three o'clock, Kezia, the good-hearted, bad-tempered housemaid, who regarded all people that came to the sale as her personal enemies, the dirt on whose feet was of a peculiarly vile quality, had begun to scrub and swill with an energy much assisted by a continual low muttering against "folks as came to buy up other folk's things," and made light of "scrazing" the tops of mahogany tables over which better folks than themselves had had to--suffer a waste of tissue through evaporation.