Most of the halide minerals occur in deposits of marine evaporite
. Halite is an important source of sodium chloride, in parallel with NaCl extracted from brine wells or sea water.
The domains themselves are controlled by the Neogene to Present tectonism reacting with pre-existing palaeo-geographic domains with coeval and subsequent development of Neogene (mostly Miocene) evaporite
Five major types of mineral resources are found in the Red Sea region: petroleum deposits, evaporite
deposits (sediments laid down as a result of evaporation, such as halite, sylvite, gypsum, and dolomite), sulfur, phosphates, and the heavy-metal.
Papers are organized stratigraphically and analyze carbonate-dominated systems, siliciclastic systems, mixed carbonate and siliciclastics, and evaporite
systems deposited during the Paleozoic Era in the Michigan Basin.
Galve et al., "Evaluation of geochemical and hydrogeological processes by geochemical modeling in an area affected by evaporite
karstification," Journal of Hydrology, vol.
Cave and karst development within the Castile Formation is widespread due to the fact that evaporite
rocks are highly soluble (~2.53 g [L.sup.-1]) and near-linear solution kinetics of these rocks encourages the rapid development of a karst landscape (Stafford et al.
ROCKS OF SPITSBERGEN Carbonate rock 5 536,36 [km.sup.3] Sandstone & Psammite 4 211,46 [km.sup.3] Mudstone & Shale 1 945,44 [km.sup.3] Siltstone 1 232,27 [km.sup.3] Conglomerate & Breccia 660,73 [km.sup.3] Evaporite
134,45 [km.sup.3] Metaigneous rock 727,31 [km.sup.3] Quartzite 699,39 [km.sup.3] Metasediment 593,22 [km.sup.3] Schist 584,03 [km.sup.3] Marble 413,18 [km.sup.3] Amphibolite 346,41 [km.sup.3] Gneiss 270,03 [km.sup.3] Granite 521,18 [km.sup.3] Plutonite 117,06 [km.sup.3] Vulcanite 25,19 [km.sup.3] Unknown 534,65 [km.sup.3] Total 18 552,36 [km.sup.3]
Initial assay results for lithium from the abundant, green evaporite
rich volcanoclastic claystone exposure on the property will help direct the company on expanding its work program in the near future.
It is particularly significant that Locality 1 is the only site known to the present authors where a Pleistocene evaporite
, in contrast to the Holocene sabkha evaporites
, is exposed in the UAE.
The second pulse was the primary one relevant to regional fault systems within the basin (Baechler and Boehner 2014), incorporating marine evaporite
units which exhibit complexly deformed salt basins, karstification, localized halokinesis with kilometre-scale intrusion of salt diapirs (Aslop et al.
In this scenario hydrocarbons are sourced from several organic rich zones and migrate to the nearest sill; the evaporite
unit that separates the Birdbear and Three Forks Formation.