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Related to examination: Pelvic examination, examination papers


1. The act of examining or the state of being examined: the examination of the evidence.
2. A set of questions or exercises testing knowledge or skill.
3. A formal interrogation: examination of the witness.

ex·am′i·na′tion·al adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


1. the act of examining or state of being examined
2. (Education) education
a. written exercises, oral questions, or practical tasks, set to test a candidate's knowledge and skill
b. (as modifier): an examination paper.
3. (Medicine) med
a. physical inspection of a patient or parts of his or her body, in order to verify health or diagnose disease
b. laboratory study of secretory or excretory products, tissue samples, etc, esp in order to diagnose disease
4. (Law) law the formal interrogation of a person on oath, esp of an accused or a witness
exˌamiˈnational adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ɪgˌzæm əˈneɪ ʃən)

1. the act of examining; inspection; inquiry; investigation.
2. the state of being examined.
3. the act or process of testing pupils, candidates, etc., as by questions.
4. the test itself; the list of questions asked.
5. the answers, statements, etc., made by one examined.
6. formal legal interrogation.
[1350–1400; Middle English < Latin]
ex•am`i•na′tion•al, adj.
syn: examination, inspection, scrutiny refer to a looking at something. An examination is an orderly attempt to test or to obtain information about something, often something presented for observation: an examination of merchandise for sale. An inspection is usu. a formal and official examination: An inspection of the plumbing revealed a defective pipe. scrutiny implies a critical and minutely detailed examination: His testimony was given close scrutiny.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.


In maintenance, a comprehensive scrutiny supplemented by measurement and physical testing in order to determine the condition of an item. See also maintenance.
Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms. US Department of Defense 2005.



An exam or examination is an official test that shows your knowledge or ability in a particular subject. Exam is the word most commonly used. Examination is more formal and is used mainly in written English.

I was told the exam was difficult.
All students must take a three-hour written examination.

When someone takes part in an exam, you say that they take it or sit it.

Many children want to take these exams.
After the third term we'll be sitting the exam.

Speakers of American English generally use take instead of 'sit'.

In conversation, you can also say that someone does an exam.

I did my exams last week.

If someone is successful in an exam, you say that they pass it.

If you want a good job, you'll have to pass your exams.

Be Careful!
To pass an exam always means to succeed in it. It does not mean to take part in it.

If someone is unsuccessful in an exam, you say that they fail it.

He failed the entrance exam.
I passed the written part but then failed the oral section hopelessly.

You also say that someone passes in or fails in a particular subject.

I've been told that I'll probably pass in English and French.
I failed in a few other subjects.
Collins COBUILD English Usage © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 2004, 2011, 2012
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.examination - the act of examining something closely (as for mistakes)examination - the act of examining something closely (as for mistakes)
audit - a methodical examination or review of a condition or situation; "he made an audit of all the plants on his property"; "an energy efficiency audit"; "an email log audit"
autopsy, necropsy, PM, postmortem examination, post-mortem examination, postmortem, post-mortem - an examination and dissection of a dead body to determine cause of death or the changes produced by disease
checkup, health check, medical, medical checkup, medical exam, medical examination - a thorough physical examination; includes a variety of tests depending on the age and sex and health of the person
comparing, comparison - the act of examining resemblances; "they made a comparison of noise levels"; "the fractions selected for comparison must require pupils to consider both numerator and denominator"
fine-tooth comb, fine-toothed comb - a method of examining in minute detail; "he went over the contract with a fine-tooth comb looking for loopholes"
reexamination, review, followup, follow-up - a subsequent examination of a patient for the purpose of monitoring earlier treatment
going-over - a careful and thorough inspection
look-over, once-over - a swift cursory examination or inspection; "I gave him the once-over"
ophthalmoscopy - examination of the interior of an eye using an ophthalmoscope
palpation, tactual exploration - a method of examination in which the examiner feels the size or shape or firmness or location of something (of body parts when the examiner is a health professional)
investigating, investigation - the work of inquiring into something thoroughly and systematically
endoscopy - visual examination of the interior of a hollow body organ by use of an endoscope
gonioscopy - an examination of the front part of the eye to check the angle where the iris meets the cornea; it is used to distinguish between open-angle glaucoma and closed-angle glaucoma
keratoscopy - examination of the cornea with a keratoscope to detect irregularities in its anterior surface
rhinoscopy - examination of the nasal passages (either through the anterior nares or with a rhinoscope through the nasopharynx)
scan - the act of scanning; systematic examination of a prescribed region; "he made a thorough scan of the beach with his binoculars"
search - boarding and inspecting a ship on the high seas; "right of search"
study, survey - a detailed critical inspection
testing - an examination of the characteristics of something; "there are laboratories for commercial testing"; "it involved testing thousands of children for smallpox"
motion study, time and motion study, time study, time-and-motion study, time-motion study, work study - an analysis of a specific job in an effort to find the most efficient method in terms of time and effort
inspection, review - a formal or official examination; "the platoon stood ready for review"; "we had to wait for the inspection before we could use the elevator"
bank examination - an examination of the affairs and records of a bank by a state or federal bank examiner
2.examination - a set of questions or exercises evaluating skill or knowledgeexamination - a set of questions or exercises evaluating skill or knowledge; "when the test was stolen the professor had to make a new set of questions"
communicating, communication - the activity of communicating; the activity of conveying information; "they could not act without official communication from Moscow"
bar exam, bar examination - an examination conducted at regular intervals to determine whether a candidate is qualified to practice law in a given jurisdiction; "applicants may qualify to take the New York bar examination by graduating from an approved law school"; "he passed the bar exam on his third try"
comp, comprehensive, comprehensive examination - an intensive examination testing a student's proficiency in some special field of knowledge; "she took her comps in English literature"
entrance exam, entrance examination - examination to determine a candidate's preparation for a course of studies
final exam, final examination, final - an examination administered at the end of an academic term
litmus test - a test that relies on a single indicator; "her litmus test for good breeding is whether you split infinitives"
midterm exam, midterm examination, midterm - an examination administered in the middle of an academic term
oral, oral exam, oral examination, viva, viva voce - an examination conducted by spoken communication
preliminary exam, preliminary examination, prelim - an examination taken by graduate students to determine their fitness to continue
quiz - an examination consisting of a few short questions
tripos - final honors degree examinations at Cambridge University
3.examination - formal systematic questioning
inquiring, questioning - a request for information
catechism - a series of question put to an individual (such as a political candidate) to elicit their views
deposition - (law) a pretrial interrogation of a witness; usually conducted in a lawyer's office
inquisition - a severe interrogation (often violating the rights or privacy of individuals)
third degree - interrogation often accompanied by torture to extort information or a confession
cross-examination - (law) close questioning of a hostile witness in a court of law to discredit or throw a new light on the testimony already provided in direct examination
direct examination - (law) the initial questioning of a witness by the party that called the witness
redirect examination, reexamination - (law) questioning of a witness by the party that called the witness after that witness has been subject to cross-examination
interview - the questioning of a person (or a conversation in which information is elicited); often conducted by journalists; "my interviews with teenagers revealed a weakening of religious bonds"
debriefing - report of a mission or task
4.examination - a detailed inspection of your conscience (as done daily by Jesuits)
introspection, self-contemplation, self-examination - the contemplation of your own thoughts and desires and conduct
5.examination - the act of giving students or candidates a test (as by questions) to determine what they know or have learned
investigating, investigation - the work of inquiring into something thoroughly and systematically
11-plus, eleven-plus - (formerly in Britain) an examination taken by 11 and 12 year old students to select suitable candidates for grammar school
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.


1. inspection, testing, study, research, trial, checking, review, survey, investigation, analysis, consideration, observation, going-over (informal), vetting, scrutiny, appraisal, interrogation, assay, perusal, recce (slang) They have taken the documents away for examination.
2. checkup, analysis, going-over (informal), exploration, health check, check, medical, once-over (informal) a routine medical examination
3. exam, test, research, paper, investigation, practical, assessment, quiz, evaluation, oral, appraisal, catechism accusations of cheating in school examinations
4. questioning, inquiry, probe, quizzing, cross-examination, inquisition the examination of witnesses in this murder case
"In examinations the foolish ask questions that the wise cannot answer" [Oscar Wilde Phrases and Philosophies for the Use of the Young]
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002


1. The act of examining carefully:
Informal: going-over.
2. A close or systematic study:
3. A medical inquiry into a patient's state of health:
4. A set of questions or exercises designed to determine knowledge or skill:
The American Heritage® Roget's Thesaurus. Copyright © 2013, 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
إسْتِجْوابإمْتِحان، إخْتِبارامتحاناِمْتِحَانفَحْص، تَحْقيق
athugun, skoîunprófyfirheyrsla, prófun
bài kiểm tra


[ɪgˌzæmɪˈneɪʃən] N
1. (Scol, Univ) (= test) → examen m
our chemistry examinationnuestro examen de química
to take or sit an examinationpresentarse a un examen
to take an examination inexaminarse de
oral examinationexamen m oral
2. (= inspection) [of premises] → inspección f; [of luggage] → registro m; [of account] → revisión f, inspección f; [of witness, suspect] → interrogatorio m
on examinational examinarlo/examinarlos
3. (= inquiry) → investigación f, estudio m (into de) the matter is under examinationel asunto está siendo investigado or estudiado
4. (Med) → reconocimiento m
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005


[ɪgˌzæmɪˈneɪʃən] n
(SCHOOL) (academic)examen m
to take an examination, to sit an examination (British)passer un examen
to pass an examination → réussir un examen
(MEDICINE) (medical) [patient] → examen médical m
(= scrutiny) → examen m
They have taken away documents for examination → Ils ont emmené des documents pour examen.
to be under examination → être à l'examen
The matter is under examination → La question est à l'examen.examination paper n
(= question paper) → sujet m d'examen
(= answer paper) → copie fexamination results n (= exam results) → résultats mpl d'examenexamination room nsalle f d'examen
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005


(Sch etc) → Prüfung f; (Univ) → Examen nt, → Prüfung f; geography examinationGeografieprüfung f; examination nerves plPrüfungsangst f
(= study, inspection)Prüfung f, → Untersuchung f; (of machine, premises, passports)Kontrolle f; (of question)Untersuchung f; (of accounts)Prüfung f; on closer examinationbei genauer(er) Prüfung or Untersuchung; it was found on examination that …die Untersuchung ergab, dass …; the matter is still under examinationdie Angelegenheit wird noch geprüft or untersucht
(Med) → Untersuchung f; she underwent a thorough examinationsie wurde gründlich untersucht
(Jur, of suspect, accused, witness) → Verhör nt; (of case, documents)Untersuchung f; legal examinationVerhör nt
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007


[ɪgˌzæmɪˈneɪʃn] n (Scol) → esame m; (inspection, of machine, premises) → ispezione f; (of accounts, passport, at Customs) → controllo; (of witness, suspect) → interrogatorio (Med) → visita
to take or sit an examination → sostenere or dare un esame
on examination → in seguito all'esame
the matter is under examination → la questione è all'esame
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995


(igˈzӕmin) verb
1. to look at closely; to inspect closely. They examined the animal tracks and decided that they were those of a fox.
2. (of a doctor) to inspect the body of thoroughly to check for disease etc. The doctor examined the child and said she was healthy.
3. to consider carefully. The police must examine the facts.
4. to test the knowledge or ability of (students etc). She examines pupils in mathematics.
5. to question. The lawyer examined the witness in the court case.
exˌamiˈnation noun
1. (a) close inspection. Make a thorough examination of the area where the crime took place; On examination the patient was discovered to have appendicitis.
2. (also exˈam) a test of knowledge or ability. school examinations; She is to take a French/dancing exam; (also adjective) examination/exam papers; He failed/passed the English exam.
3. (a) formal questioning (eg of a witness).
exˈaminer noun
a person who examines.
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.


اِمْتِحَان zkouška eksamination Untersuchung εξέταση examen kuulustelu examen test esame 試験 시험 examen undersøkelse egzamin exame осмотр undersökning การสอบ sınav bài kiểm tra 考试
Multilingual Translator © HarperCollins Publishers 2009


n. examen, exploración, reconocimiento, auscultación;
abdominal ___exploración abdominal;
bladder ___cistoscopia;
cardiac ___auscultación cardíaca;
___ tablemesa de exploración;
medical ___reconocimiento médico;
neurological ___exploración neurológica;
vaginal ___examen vaginal.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

examination, exam

(fam) n exploración f (form), reconocimiento (form), examen m, revisión f (fam); breast — exploración mamaria, examen mamario or de mama or seno; breast self-examination (form) autoexploración mamaria, autoexamen mamario or de mama or seno, examen de los propios senos; mini-mental state — mini-examen m del estado mental; pelvic — examen pélvico, examen de las partes (íntimas) (fam); physical — exploración física, examen físico; rectal — tacto or examen rectal
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
One described the results of a postmortem examination of the deceased lady, and the other stated the discoveries made after a chemical analysis of certain of the interior organs of her body.
Then a man came in and began distributing the English examination sheets.
Holmes, that to-morrow is the first day of the examination for the Fortescue Scholarship.
But, on examination, I found that, as for logic, its syllogisms and the majority of its other precepts are of avail- rather in the communication of what we already know, or even as the art of Lully, in speaking without judgment of things of which we are ignorant, than in the investigation of the unknown; and although this science contains indeed a number of correct and very excellent precepts, there are, nevertheless, so many others, and these either injurious or superfluous, mingled with the former, that it is almost quite as difficult to effect a severance of the true from the false as it is to extract a Diana or a Minerva from a rough block of marble.
The family doctor, finding that Mademoiselle Stangerson was much better, but fearing a relapse which would no longer permit of her being questioned, had thought it his duty to inform the examining magistrate of this, who decided to proceed immediately with a brief examination. At this examination, the Registrar, Monsieur Stangerson, and the doctor were present.
"Never mind -- I begin faintly to discern clear water ahead where no examination breakers loom.
On the 9th of November, 1867, the old man died; at least his dead body was discovered on the 10th, and physicians testified that death had occurred about twenty-four hours previously--precisely how, they were unable to say; for the post-mortem examination showed every organ to be absolutely healthy, with no indication of disorder or violence.
His examination in biology was in little more than a fortnight, and, though it was easy, he had neglected his lectures of late and was conscious that he knew nothing.
The ugly jackdaw, collecting all the fine feathers which had fallen from the other birds, attached them to his own body and appeared at the examination, looking very gay.
The results of an anatomical examination of the Martians, so far as the prowling dogs had left such an examination possible, I have already given.
I replied that I intended leaving for London by the afternoon train, and thought of going up for examination to get my master's certificate.
The facts from which this conclusion is drawn, are derived partly from an examination of the room at the tavern; and partly from the evidence obtained at the Coroner's Inquest.