exanthema


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to exanthema: exanthema subitum

ex·an·the·ma

 (ĕg′zăn-thē′mə) also ex·an·them (ĭg-zăn′thəm)
n. pl. ex·an·them·a·ta (-thĕm′ə-tə) or ex·an·the·mas also ex·an·thems
1. A skin eruption accompanying certain infectious diseases.
2. A disease, such as measles or scarlet fever, accompanied by a skin eruption.

[Late Latin exanthēma, from Greek, eruption, from exanthein, to burst forth : ex-, ex- + anthein, to blossom (from anthos, flower).]

ex·an′the·mat′ic (ĭg-zăn′thə-măt′ĭk), ex′an·them′a·tous (ĕg′zăn-thĕm′ə-təs) adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

exanthema

(ˌɛksænˈθiːmə) or

exanthem

n, pl -themata (-ˈθiːmətə) , -themas or -thems
(Pathology) a skin eruption or rash occurring as a symptom in a disease such as measles or scarlet fever
[C17: via Late Latin from Greek, from exanthein to burst forth, from anthein to blossom, from anthos flower]
exanthematous, exanthematic adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

ex•an•them

(ɛgˈzæn θəm, ɪg-, ɛkˈsæn-)

n.
an eruptive disease, esp. one attended with fever, as smallpox or measles.
[1650–60; < Late Latin exanthēma < Greek exánthēma skin eruption, literally, flowering]
ex•an`the•mat′ic, ex`an•them′a•tous (-ˈθɛm ə təs) adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.exanthema - eruption on the skin occurring as a symptom of a disease
eruption - symptom consisting of a breaking out and becoming visible
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
References in periodicals archive ?
This identified a child who arrived recently from India, was treated for viral exanthema, and discharged.
Clinicaln drug allergies Organ specific Clinical findings reactions Skin Exanthema, urticaria/ angioedema, drug eruption, pustules, bulleous lesions, SJS, TEN, cutaneous lupus Hematologic Hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, granulocytopenia Liver Hepatitis, cholestatic jaundice Lung Pneumoniae, fibrosis Kidney Intestitial nephritis, membraneous glomerulonephritis Multiple organ reactions Anaphylaxis Urticaria/ angioedema, bronchospasm, gastrointesitnal system symptoms, hypotension DRESS Skin eruptions, fever, eosinophilia, hepatic failure, lymphadenopathy Serum sickness Urticaria, arthralgia, fever SLE Arthralgia, myalgia, fever, weakness Vasculitis Cutaneous or visceral SJS: Stevens-Johnson syndrome TEN: Toxic epidermal necrolysis
The rash may evolve into a vesiculobullous and rarely a purpuric exanthema, particularly in children.
Vesicular stomatitis, swine vesicular disease and vesicular exanthema of swine are very difficult to distinguish from FMD clinically.
The most common signs of illness in the patients admitted to the UOHC were polyarthralgia, exanthema, myalgia, headache, and fever.
If the early exanthema of acute GVHD displays erythematous follicular papules showing folliculotropic infiltrates accompanied by basal vacuolization and satellite cell necrosis, the papules might help distinguish severe acute GVHD from TEN [14].
The erythematous rash appears as an asymmetrical or unilateral papular, scarlatiniform, or eczematous exanthema. It initially affects the axilla or groin and may then progress to the extremities and trunk.
These vesicles can be caused by a handful of diseases - including FMD, vesicular stomatitis, swine vesicular disease, and vesicular exanthema - known collectively as vesicular diseases.
In temperate climates, this highly contagious virus has a seasonal prevalence in winter and spring.[1] Chickenpox is associated with a widespread vesicular exanthema that occurs without respect to dermatomal distribution (Figure 1) and has been well recognized by parents and pediatricians alike for more than 100 years.
Most common was a combination of exanthema, urticarial eruptions, lichenoid skin lesions, and purpura.
The most reported side effects with Sib use are infections (22%), flu-like symptoms (14%), headaches (14%), appetite increase (14%), pharingitis (13%), dry mouth (9%), constipation (9%), hypertension (8%), insomnia (8%), abdominal pain (8%), back ache (8%), exanthema (7%), asthenia (7%), nausea (7%), depression (6%), and other less frequent symptoms (16).
Patients can present with diffuse exanthema, and other systemic abnormalities are common.