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 (ĕg′zăn-thē′mə) also ex·an·them (ĭg-zăn′thəm)
n. pl. ex·an·them·a·ta (-thĕm′ə-tə) or ex·an·the·mas also ex·an·thems
1. A skin eruption accompanying certain infectious diseases.
2. A disease, such as measles or scarlet fever, accompanied by a skin eruption.

[Late Latin exanthēma, from Greek, eruption, from exanthein, to burst forth : ex-, ex- + anthein, to blossom (from anthos, flower).]

ex·an′the·mat′ic (ĭg-zăn′thə-măt′ĭk), ex′an·them′a·tous (ĕg′zăn-thĕm′ə-təs) adj.


(ˌɛksænˈθiːmə) or


n, pl -themata (-ˈθiːmətə) , -themas or -thems
(Pathology) a skin eruption or rash occurring as a symptom in a disease such as measles or scarlet fever
[C17: via Late Latin from Greek, from exanthein to burst forth, from anthein to blossom, from anthos flower]
exanthematous, exanthematic adj


(ɛgˈzæn θəm, ɪg-, ɛkˈsæn-)

an eruptive disease, esp. one attended with fever, as smallpox or measles.
[1650–60; < Late Latin exanthēma < Greek exánthēma skin eruption, literally, flowering]
ex•an`the•mat′ic, ex`an•them′a•tous (-ˈθɛm ə təs) adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.exanthema - eruption on the skin occurring as a symptom of a disease
eruption - symptom consisting of a breaking out and becoming visible
References in periodicals archive ?
Associated adverse effects include nausea, vomiting, (1) hypotension, cardiogenic shock, (13,14) exanthemata, urticaria, (5) interstitial nephritis, acute renal failure, (15) anaphylaxis, (16) and Stevens-Johnson syndrome, (17) pancytopenia, and agranulocytosis, (1,6,18) these latter 2 being the conditions that have limited its widespread use.
The precise etiology of natal teeth is unknown but among various theories documented the premature eruption is strongly linked to hereditary transmis- sion of autosomal dominant disorders, endocrine disturbances particularly due to excessive secretion of pituitary, thyroid, or gonads, superficial position of tooth germs, osteoblastic activity occurring in the area of tooth germs, febrile condition like fever and exanthemata during pregnancy may enhance eruption.
A detailed history was taken regarding maternal age, parity, number of antenatal visits and diseases like diabetes mellitus, prolonged fever, exanthemata, hypertension, eclampsia, convulsions, cardiovascular disorder, antepartum haemorrhage, rupture of membranes, prolonged obstructed labour, breech or other abnormal presentation, caesarean section, instrumental delivery, umbilical cord accidents, meconium stained amniotic fluid and foetal distress, home delivery/institutional delivery.