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Related to exanthematous: exanthematous fever, exanthematous disease


 (ĕg′zăn-thē′mə) also ex·an·them (ĭg-zăn′thəm)
n. pl. ex·an·them·a·ta (-thĕm′ə-tə) or ex·an·the·mas also ex·an·thems
1. A skin eruption accompanying certain infectious diseases.
2. A disease, such as measles or scarlet fever, accompanied by a skin eruption.

[Late Latin exanthēma, from Greek, eruption, from exanthein, to burst forth : ex-, ex- + anthein, to blossom (from anthos, flower).]

ex·an′the·mat′ic (ĭg-zăn′thə-măt′ĭk), ex′an·them′a·tous (ĕg′zăn-thĕm′ə-təs) adj.


(ˌɛksænˈθiːmə) or


n, pl -themata (-ˈθiːmətə) , -themas or -thems
(Pathology) a skin eruption or rash occurring as a symptom in a disease such as measles or scarlet fever
[C17: via Late Latin from Greek, from exanthein to burst forth, from anthein to blossom, from anthos flower]
exanthematous, exanthematic adj


(ɛgˈzæn θəm, ɪg-, ɛkˈsæn-)

an eruptive disease, esp. one attended with fever, as smallpox or measles.
[1650–60; < Late Latin exanthēma < Greek exánthēma skin eruption, literally, flowering]
ex•an`the•mat′ic, ex`an•them′a•tous (-ˈθɛm ə təs) adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.exanthema - eruption on the skin occurring as a symptom of a disease
eruption - symptom consisting of a breaking out and becoming visible
References in periodicals archive ?
Time Lags between Exanthematous Illness Attributed to Zika Virus, Guillain-Barre Syndrome, and Microcephaly, Salvador, Brazil
In recent years, there has been an increased number of cases of mayaro fever in several Brazilian states and with the increased circulation of chikungunya virus, there is always a question as to whether a febrile exanthematous disease with severe joint involvement is due to chikungunya or MAYV.
They are characterized by high fever, wide-spread blistering, exanthematous macules and targetoid lesions, accompanied by mucosal involvement2.
The common morphologic patterns observed during various studies are exanthematous rashes, urticarial rashes, fixed drug eruption and erythema multiforme.
Of these, exanthematous reactions were observed in 48 patients (39.
c) Acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis (AGEP)
However, the most common exanthematous drug eruptions appear within 7 to 21 days of initiating a new medication and may appear even after a drug has been discontinued.
Acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis: an enigmatic drug-induced reaction.
ACDR owing to antepileptics include pruritis, maculopapular and morbilliform rashes, drug rash with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS), acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis, erythema multiforme, exfoliative dermatitis, and others.
In addition, extensive maculopapular rash is observed in the trunk suggesting exanthematous measles.
Measles is an acute, contagious, feverish exanthematous infection and follows a course of winter-spring outbreak lasting 3 to 4 months which may be every 2 to 5 years.
The third phase is the exanthematous phase characterized by high fever (102-105 F).