excavate

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Related to excavated: backfill

ex·ca·vate

 (ĕk′skə-vāt′)
v. ex·ca·vat·ed, ex·ca·vat·ing, ex·ca·vates
v.tr.
1. To make a hole in; hollow out: excavate an ore-rich hillside.
2. To form by hollowing out.
3. To remove by digging or scooping out.
4. To expose or uncover by or as if by digging: excavate an archaeological site.
v.intr.
To engage in digging, hollowing out, or removing.

[Latin excavāre, excavāt-, to hollow out : ex-, ex- + cavāre, to hollow (from cavus, hollow; see keuə- in Indo-European roots).]

excavate

(ˈɛkskəˌveɪt)
vb
1. to remove (soil, earth, etc) by digging; dig out
2. to make (a hole, cavity, or tunnel) in (solid matter) by hollowing or removing the centre or inner part: to excavate a tooth.
3. (Archaeology) to unearth (buried objects) methodically in an attempt to discover information about the past
[C16: from Latin excavāre, from cavāre to make hollow, from cavus hollow]
ˌexcaˈvation n
ˌexcaˈvational adj

ex•ca•vate

(ˈɛks kəˌveɪt)

v.t. -vat•ed, -vat•ing.
1. to form into a hollow, as by digging: The ground was excavated for a foundation.
2. to make (a hole, tunnel, etc.) by removing material.
3. to dig or scoop out (earth, sand, etc.).
4. to expose or lay bare by or as if by digging; unearth.
[1590–1600; < Latin excavātus, past participle of excavāre to hollow out]

excavate


Past participle: excavated
Gerund: excavating

Imperative
excavate
excavate
Present
I excavate
you excavate
he/she/it excavates
we excavate
you excavate
they excavate
Preterite
I excavated
you excavated
he/she/it excavated
we excavated
you excavated
they excavated
Present Continuous
I am excavating
you are excavating
he/she/it is excavating
we are excavating
you are excavating
they are excavating
Present Perfect
I have excavated
you have excavated
he/she/it has excavated
we have excavated
you have excavated
they have excavated
Past Continuous
I was excavating
you were excavating
he/she/it was excavating
we were excavating
you were excavating
they were excavating
Past Perfect
I had excavated
you had excavated
he/she/it had excavated
we had excavated
you had excavated
they had excavated
Future
I will excavate
you will excavate
he/she/it will excavate
we will excavate
you will excavate
they will excavate
Future Perfect
I will have excavated
you will have excavated
he/she/it will have excavated
we will have excavated
you will have excavated
they will have excavated
Future Continuous
I will be excavating
you will be excavating
he/she/it will be excavating
we will be excavating
you will be excavating
they will be excavating
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been excavating
you have been excavating
he/she/it has been excavating
we have been excavating
you have been excavating
they have been excavating
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been excavating
you will have been excavating
he/she/it will have been excavating
we will have been excavating
you will have been excavating
they will have been excavating
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been excavating
you had been excavating
he/she/it had been excavating
we had been excavating
you had been excavating
they had been excavating
Conditional
I would excavate
you would excavate
he/she/it would excavate
we would excavate
you would excavate
they would excavate
Past Conditional
I would have excavated
you would have excavated
he/she/it would have excavated
we would have excavated
you would have excavated
they would have excavated
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.excavate - recover through digging; "Schliemann excavated Troy"; "excavate gold"
bring out, reveal, uncover, unveil - make visible; "Summer brings out bright clothes"; "He brings out the best in her"
dig out, dig up, dig - remove, harvest, or recover by digging; "dig salt"; "dig coal"
2.excavate - find by digging in the groundexcavate - find by digging in the ground; "I dug up an old box in the garden"
grub out, grub up - dig up; "grub up roots and tree stumps"
nuzzle - dig out with the snout; "the pig nuzzled the truffle"
obtain - come into possession of; "How did you obtain the visa?"
locate, turn up - discover the location of; determine the place of; find by searching or examining; "Can you locate your cousins in the Midwest?"; "My search turned up nothing"
disinter, exhume - dig up for reburial or for medical investigation; of dead bodies
3.excavate - form by hollowing; "Carnegie had a lake excavated for Princeton University's rowing team"; "excavate a cavity"
core out, hollow out, hollow - remove the interior of; "hollow out a tree trunk"
4.excavate - remove the inner part or the core of; "the mining company wants to excavate the hillside"
remove, take away, withdraw, take - remove something concrete, as by lifting, pushing, or taking off, or remove something abstract; "remove a threat"; "remove a wrapper"; "Remove the dirty dishes from the table"; "take the gun from your pocket"; "This machine withdraws heat from the environment"
drive - excavate horizontally; "drive a tunnel"
trench, ditch - cut a trench in, as for drainage; "ditch the land to drain it"; "trench the fields"

excavate

verb
1. dig up, mine, dig, tunnel, scoop, cut, hollow, trench, burrow, quarry, delve, gouge A team of archaeologists is excavating the site.
2. unearth, expose, uncover, dig out, exhume, lay bare, bring to light, bring to the surface, disinter They have excavated the fossil remains of a prehistoric man.

excavate

verb
1. To break, turn over, or remove (earth or sand, for example) with or as if with a tool:
2. To make by digging:
Translations
يَحْفُرُ الأرْضَيُنَقِّبُ عن الآثار
udgrave
alámoselhordfelásfeltárkiás
grafagrafa upp
ekskavatoriusiškasimaskasėjaskasimaskasinėjimas
izdarīt izrakumusizraktrakt
opdelvenuitgraven
kazı yapmakkazmak

excavate

[ˈekskəveɪt] VTexcavar

excavate

[ˈɛkskəveɪt] vt
(ARCHAEOLOGY) [archeologist] [+ site] → excaver; [+ pot, bone, building] → mettre au jour
(= dig out) [+ hole] → creuser; [+ soil] → creuser

excavate

vt groundausschachten; (machine)ausbaggern; (Archeol) remainsausgraben; siteAusgrabungen machen auf (+dat); trench, gravesausheben
vi (Archeol) → Ausgrabungen machen

excavate

[ˈɛkskəˌveɪt] vt (ground) → scavare (Archeol) → effettuare gli scavi di

excavate

(ˈekskəveit) verb
1. to dig up (a piece of ground etc) or to dig out (a hole) by doing this.
2. in archaeology, to uncover or open up (a structure etc remaining from earlier times) by digging. The archaeologist excavated an ancient fortress.
ˌexcaˈvation noun
ˈexcavator noun
a machine or person that excavates.
References in classic literature ?
The bees instantly began on both sides to excavate little basins near to each other, in the same way as before; but the ridge of wax was so thin, that the bottoms of the basins, if they had been excavated to the same depth as in the former experiment, would have broken into each other from the opposite sides.
In ordinary combs it has appeared to me that the bees do not always succeed in working at exactly the same rate from the opposite sides; for I have noticed half-completed rhombs at the base of a just-commenced cell, which were slightly concave on one side, where I suppose that the bees had excavated too quickly, and convex on the opposed side, where the bees had worked less quickly.
The others saw the cunning of the suggestion, and so the trench was lengthened to accommodate the corpse, and in the center a deeper hole was excavated for the box, which was first wrapped in sailcloth and then lowered to its place, which brought its top about a foot below the bottom of the grave.
This was harder work than turning up the freshly excavated earth at the grave, but Tarzan of the Apes was persevering and so he kept at his labor until he was rewarded by seeing a hole sufficiently deep to receive the chest and effectually hide it from view.
And so he did not see or scent what a more wary Numa might readily have discovered until, with the cracking of twigs and a tumbling of earth, he was precipitated into a cunningly devised pit that the wily Wamabos had excavated for just this purpose in the center of the game trail.
But in the round keep, a shape only seen in the most ancient castles the chambers excavated in the thickness of the walls and buttresses the difficulty by which access is gained from one story to those above it, Coningsburgh still retains the simplicity of its origin, and shows by what slow degrees man proceeded from occupying such rude and inconvenient lodgings, as were afforded by the galleries of the Castle of Mousa, to the more splendid accommodations of the Norman castles, with all their stern and Gothic graces.
We were conducted early one morning to an enormous amphitheater, which instead of having been built upon the surface of the ground was excavated below the surface.
Montgomery steered us round and into a narrow little dock excavated in the beach.
A hole had been excavated in the ground, partially uncovering a heavy chest, and across this chest lay the headless body of Doctor Carl von Horn.
And at the end of the day, after a tremendous tea, he rather gave the game away by winding up with a visit in which hardly any human boy could be conceived as taking an interest--an underground chamber supposed to have been a chapel, recently excavated on the north bank of the Thames, and containing literally nothing whatever but one old silver coin.
Nothing could be seen above ground of the sunken sanctuary except a strong wooden hut, of the sort recently run up for many military and official purposes, the wooden floor of which was indeed a mere platform over the excavated cavity below.
With his hunting knife he upturned the loose earth, beneath which the pouch should be; but, though he excavated to a greater distance than the depth of the original hole there was no sign of pouch or jewels.