excavate

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ex·ca·vate

 (ĕk′skə-vāt′)
v. ex·ca·vat·ed, ex·ca·vat·ing, ex·ca·vates
v.tr.
1. To make a hole in; hollow out: excavate an ore-rich hillside.
2. To form by hollowing out.
3. To remove by digging or scooping out.
4. To expose or uncover by or as if by digging: excavate an archaeological site.
v.intr.
To engage in digging, hollowing out, or removing.

[Latin excavāre, excavāt-, to hollow out : ex-, ex- + cavāre, to hollow (from cavus, hollow; see keuə- in Indo-European roots).]

excavate

(ˈɛkskəˌveɪt)
vb
1. to remove (soil, earth, etc) by digging; dig out
2. to make (a hole, cavity, or tunnel) in (solid matter) by hollowing or removing the centre or inner part: to excavate a tooth.
3. (Archaeology) to unearth (buried objects) methodically in an attempt to discover information about the past
[C16: from Latin excavāre, from cavāre to make hollow, from cavus hollow]
ˌexcaˈvation n
ˌexcaˈvational adj

ex•ca•vate

(ˈɛks kəˌveɪt)

v.t. -vat•ed, -vat•ing.
1. to form into a hollow, as by digging: The ground was excavated for a foundation.
2. to make (a hole, tunnel, etc.) by removing material.
3. to dig or scoop out (earth, sand, etc.).
4. to expose or lay bare by or as if by digging; unearth.
[1590–1600; < Latin excavātus, past participle of excavāre to hollow out]

excavate


Past participle: excavated
Gerund: excavating

Imperative
excavate
excavate
Present
I excavate
you excavate
he/she/it excavates
we excavate
you excavate
they excavate
Preterite
I excavated
you excavated
he/she/it excavated
we excavated
you excavated
they excavated
Present Continuous
I am excavating
you are excavating
he/she/it is excavating
we are excavating
you are excavating
they are excavating
Present Perfect
I have excavated
you have excavated
he/she/it has excavated
we have excavated
you have excavated
they have excavated
Past Continuous
I was excavating
you were excavating
he/she/it was excavating
we were excavating
you were excavating
they were excavating
Past Perfect
I had excavated
you had excavated
he/she/it had excavated
we had excavated
you had excavated
they had excavated
Future
I will excavate
you will excavate
he/she/it will excavate
we will excavate
you will excavate
they will excavate
Future Perfect
I will have excavated
you will have excavated
he/she/it will have excavated
we will have excavated
you will have excavated
they will have excavated
Future Continuous
I will be excavating
you will be excavating
he/she/it will be excavating
we will be excavating
you will be excavating
they will be excavating
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been excavating
you have been excavating
he/she/it has been excavating
we have been excavating
you have been excavating
they have been excavating
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been excavating
you will have been excavating
he/she/it will have been excavating
we will have been excavating
you will have been excavating
they will have been excavating
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been excavating
you had been excavating
he/she/it had been excavating
we had been excavating
you had been excavating
they had been excavating
Conditional
I would excavate
you would excavate
he/she/it would excavate
we would excavate
you would excavate
they would excavate
Past Conditional
I would have excavated
you would have excavated
he/she/it would have excavated
we would have excavated
you would have excavated
they would have excavated
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.excavate - recover through digging; "Schliemann excavated Troy"; "excavate gold"
bring out, reveal, uncover, unveil - make visible; "Summer brings out bright clothes"; "He brings out the best in her"
dig out, dig up, dig - remove, harvest, or recover by digging; "dig salt"; "dig coal"
2.excavate - find by digging in the groundexcavate - find by digging in the ground; "I dug up an old box in the garden"
grub out, grub up - dig up; "grub up roots and tree stumps"
nuzzle - dig out with the snout; "the pig nuzzled the truffle"
obtain - come into possession of; "How did you obtain the visa?"
locate, turn up - discover the location of; determine the place of; find by searching or examining; "Can you locate your cousins in the Midwest?"; "My search turned up nothing"
disinter, exhume - dig up for reburial or for medical investigation; of dead bodies
3.excavate - form by hollowing; "Carnegie had a lake excavated for Princeton University's rowing team"; "excavate a cavity"
core out, hollow out, hollow - remove the interior of; "hollow out a tree trunk"
4.excavate - remove the inner part or the core of; "the mining company wants to excavate the hillside"
remove, take away, withdraw, take - remove something concrete, as by lifting, pushing, or taking off, or remove something abstract; "remove a threat"; "remove a wrapper"; "Remove the dirty dishes from the table"; "take the gun from your pocket"; "This machine withdraws heat from the environment"
drive - excavate horizontally; "drive a tunnel"
trench, ditch - cut a trench in, as for drainage; "ditch the land to drain it"; "trench the fields"

excavate

verb
1. dig up, mine, dig, tunnel, scoop, cut, hollow, trench, burrow, quarry, delve, gouge A team of archaeologists is excavating the site.
2. unearth, expose, uncover, dig out, exhume, lay bare, bring to light, bring to the surface, disinter They have excavated the fossil remains of a prehistoric man.

excavate

verb
1. To break, turn over, or remove (earth or sand, for example) with or as if with a tool:
2. To make by digging:
Translations
يَحْفُرُ الأرْضَيُنَقِّبُ عن الآثار
udgrave
alámoselhordfelásfeltárkiás
grafagrafa upp
ekskavatoriusiškasimaskasėjaskasimaskasinėjimas
izdarīt izrakumusizraktrakt
opdelvenuitgraven
kazı yapmakkazmak

excavate

[ˈekskəveɪt] VTexcavar

excavate

[ˈɛkskəveɪt] vt
(ARCHAEOLOGY) [archeologist] [+ site] → excaver; [+ pot, bone, building] → mettre au jour
(= dig out) [+ hole] → creuser; [+ soil] → creuser

excavate

vt groundausschachten; (machine)ausbaggern; (Archeol) remainsausgraben; siteAusgrabungen machen auf (+dat); trench, gravesausheben
vi (Archeol) → Ausgrabungen machen

excavate

[ˈɛkskəˌveɪt] vt (ground) → scavare (Archeol) → effettuare gli scavi di

excavate

(ˈekskəveit) verb
1. to dig up (a piece of ground etc) or to dig out (a hole) by doing this.
2. in archaeology, to uncover or open up (a structure etc remaining from earlier times) by digging. The archaeologist excavated an ancient fortress.
ˌexcaˈvation noun
ˈexcavator noun
a machine or person that excavates.
References in classic literature ?
From the experiment of the ridge of vermilion wax, we can clearly see that if the bees were to build for themselves a thin wall of wax, they could make their cells of the proper shape, by standing at the proper distance from each other, by excavating at the same rate, and by endeavouring to make equal spherical hollows, but never allowing the spheres to break into each other.
The consequence is, that upon breaking into the hold, and unloading one of these whale cemeteries, in the Greenland dock, a savor is given forth somewhat similar to that arising from excavating an old city grave-yard, for the foundations of a Lying-in Hospital.
He pulled upon them with the muscles of his strong arms, presently discovering that by working them back and forth he could loosen them: and then a new plan was suggested to him so that he fell to work excavating with his knife at a point above where one of the stakes was imbedded.
Into this torrential sewer had unthinkable generations of ulsios pushed their few handsful of dirt in the excavating of their vast labyrinth.
As Professor Bumper expected to do considerable excavating in order to locate the buried city, or cities, as the case might be, he had to contract for a number of Indian diggers and laborers.
If the dogs had scratched the sand up in excavating, how had they carried it so far?
He has been excavating a barrow at Long Down and has got a prehistoric skull which fills him with great joy.
Some neighbors even affirm that they had once seen, through an air-hole, Archdeacon Claude excavating, turning over, digging up the earth in the two cellars, whose supports had been daubed with numberless couplets and hieroglyphics by Nicolas Flamel himself.
TRAGEDY struck at the weekend at the border community of Ugwuoba community in Oji-River Local Government Area of Enugu State when two persons were buried alive while excavating sand in the area.
NAWABSHAH -- Police claimed to have arrested four accused involved in excavating old graves to extract treasure.
Tenders are invited for Hiring of hemm for excavating overburden including drilling in all kinds of strata over burden, loading into tippers, transportation and unloading the excavated material and silt, dumping, dozing, scraping/ removal of bands, preparation/ maintenance of haul road, water sprinkling and spreading of excavated material at the site shown and as per directives of the management engineer in charge at quarry no.
The proposed plan includes dredging PCB-contaminated sediment, excavating soil from the flood plains, excavating an area next to the former Cornell-Dubilier facility where PCB-containing capacitors were buried, relocating a 36-inch waterline that crosses the former facility, and containing groundwater that discharges from the facility to Bound Brook.