For example, in planar laser induced (exciplex
) fluorescence (PLIF/PLIEF) techniques, it is often essential to use non-fluorescing fuel surrogates with 10% or less tracer dopants [5, 6, 7, 8], though qualitative investigations using commercial gasoline are possible [9, 10].
(4.) Bruneaux, G., "Mixing Process in High Pressure Diesel Jets by Normalized Laser Induced Exciplex
Fluorescence Part I: Free Jet," SAE Technical Paper 2005-01-2100, 2005, doi:10.4271/2005-01-2100.
Efimov et al., "Exciplex
mediated photoinduced electron transfer reactions of phthalocyanine-fullerene dyads," The Journal of Physical Chemistry.
Kohler, "UV excitation of single DNA and RNA strands produces high yields of exciplex
states between two stacked bases," Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol.
An excimer laser (sometimes called an exciplex
laser) is a form of UV laser used in the production of microelectronic devices and micromachining.
Based in Lanham, Md., Potomac Photonics is credited with inventing and manufacturing the waveguide Excimer laser (also referred to as an exciplex
laser), a form of ultraviolet laser that commonly is used in eye surgery and semiconductor manufacturing.
For example with the Laser-Induced Exciplex
Fluorescence (LIEF) method it is possible to image the liquid and the vapour phases of the injected fuel separately with two cameras.
Models have been developed on the basis of exciplex
excitation, (17) chaos models of two-level systems excited under the constraint of the entropy maximum principle (27) and the van der Waals forces of stacked base pair interactions, (28) models of optical phase conjugation (29) and of a Hamiltonian that keeps coherent states coherent.
The explanation for the phenomena refers to a discovery made in 1994--that a pair of dissimilar molecules can form an exciplex
, where excitation of the molecule with the lower electron affinity is followed by transfer of the other molecule, which is still in its ground state.
To achieve this trick, Bower calls upon the so-called exciplex
technique, developed by Lynn Melton of the Univ.
These diagnostics include LIF, Laser Induced Exciplex
Fluorescence (LIEF) for characterizing the fuel-air mixing formation and the evaporation phenomenon, and high-speed camera imaging with highly-zoomed lenses to gain an in-depth understanding of the film growth and droplet interaction process.