"There is an issue of whether the fishing agreement is an executive agreement
or international treaty, and corollarily, on whether or not there is a need for Senate concurrence before it becomes valid and effective," she said.
'Di naman lahat ng executive agreement
kailangang nasa papel (Not all executive agreements
have to be on paper),' said Panelo who is also the Chief Presidential Legal Counsel.
That oral agreement is akin to the nature of an executive agreement
," he added.
The executive agreement
was signed byChief Executive Officer of the Micro, Small & Medium Enterprise Development Agency (MSME) NevineGamea and Wes.
Guevarra added that he does not even consider the MOU as an executive agreement
, which somehow binds the two governments.
neither an MLAT nor an executive agreement
will have to seek data
Al Baiz said that these projects would facilitate comprehensive medical care for injured patients in Yemen, including 200 in Taiz and 150 in each of the two Aden hospitals, which are partners in cooperation and included in the executive agreement
The 2015 deal concluded under the Obama administration dealt only with the nuclear program and was not a treaty but rather a U.N.-endorsed executive agreement
Withdrawal from International Agreements: Legal Framework, the Paris Agreement, and the Iran NUCLEAR Agreement 6 (2017) ("Based on past practices, it appears to be generally accepted that, when the President has independent authority to enter into an executive agreement
, the President may also independently terminate the agreement without congressional or senatorial approval.").
Tribune News Network Doha Qatar Red Crescent Society (QRCS) has signed an executive agreement
with the Philippine Red Cross (PRC) to help the victims of Typhoon Vinta, which hit Mindanao, southern Philippines, in December 2017.
But practically speaking, Obama's illegal "executive agreement
" has not yet been formally repudiated, meaning the bureaucracies could conceivably continue implementing its provisions.
As to the crucial treaty versus executive agreement
choice, under the heading "Scope of the Executive Agreement-Making Power," Circular 175 specifically identifies "[a]greements which are made pursuant to or in accordance with existing legislation," directly addressing precisely the subject matter of Bodansky and Spiro's Article more than half a century earlier.