2) Those related to contagion arising from financial interdependence (an exogenous factor
Shorting it against a European currency is attractive because it's close to a pure-play on the euro's weakness and less likely to be derailed by an exogenous factor
Utilizing a political economy approach, the volume argues that the neoclassical economics framework that serves as the basis of much donor funding fails to take into account the conflict realities of Israeli occupation, treating them instead as a temporary, exogenous factor
and further argues that the political, strategic, and ideological interests of the donor are often the cause of the unwillingness of the donors to take into account these conflict realities and how they interact with the economy.
An exogenous factor
affects a market from the outside and is largely beyond the influence of entrepreneurs or resource providers.
A political economy approach also challenges the neo-classical treatment of technological change as an exogenous factor
. Endogenous growth theory, for example, understands technological change as integrally related to investment, the organization of production, industrial relations and labour productivity.
"This is an exogenous factor
we're going to have to simply deal with."
Williams and Liebhold state that weather is the most likely exogenous factor
affecting field populations, but then concede that annual weather patterns show little (if any) autocorrelation.
The exogenous factor
is HYV induced profitability plus land ownership ceilings.
I think an exogenous factor
must be involved," he said.
The key impediment for this development appears at the moment to be an exogenous factor
. Namely, the US policy in the Middle East and its demands from Turkey, which forces the latter into a currently impossible position of attempting to balance its own national interest and those of its biggest and closest ally.
Berryman and Turchin (1997) argue that our earlier report (Williams and Liebhold 1995) on the ambiguity of tests for delayed density dependence suggested by Turchin (1990) was "pessimistic." This argument is based on several assertions: (1) our values of r, the intrinsic rate of increase, and [Psi], the autocorrelation in the exogenous factor
, were unrealistic; (2) the lengths of our simulated time series (50 yr) inflated the detection of second-order effects; (3) we failed to provide any realistic examples of exogenous variables that could cause spurious results; and (4) in all of the systems where these tests have indicated delayed density dependence, other sources of evidence have supported this conclusion.
Equilibrium in the market is defined by a zero profit condition.(1) The generality of the model is provided by an assumed exogenous factor
, "the toughness of price competition," which defines the assumptions under which the post entry price (quantity) determination game is played.(2) The model is also generalized from cases of homogeneous products to differentiated products where advertising decisions become a part of the model and the "effectiveness of advertising" becomes a second exogenous factor