The term applied to the latter performance was exomologesis
(the admitting of ones sin and the status of being a sinner, GoL, 202).
The two other volumes are Spiritualia and Pastoralia (CWE 67 and 68), which include the translation of Ecclesiastessive de ratione concionandi (1535; ASD V.4 and 5), (8) preceded by The manner of confessing (the translation of Exomologesis
sive modo confitendi, 1524), based on the text of the LB edition (the relevant treatise has not yet been published in the ASD series).
Hellwig's four-chapter historical survey of Christian repentance and conversion follows the widely accepted two-stage pattern that characterizes, first, the patristic era in terms of public canonical penance (exomologesis
), which gradually collapsed as a second pastoral-ritual process developed in the form of private confessions to monks and, by the end of the first millennium, to priests.
As for the style of the book, it is repetitive and uses too many foreign words, such as berakah (blessing) and exomologesis
(confession) and others.
Foucault's work on Cassian and an appreciation not only of 'aveu' but also of 'exagoreusis' and 'exomologesis
' would have added further appreciation of Foucault's disentangling of confessional practice.
(28) An interesting example is found in Exomologesis
, his treatise on confession (1524), LB.